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Flashcards in Theron is Memeboy69 Deck (28)
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1

C. Wright Mills

(1959)
- Sociological Imagination:
Imagining what another society is like from an outsider looking in

2

Sociological Imagination

Problems are not on a personal level, but more so a social level

3

August Comte

(1798-1857)
- Father of Sociology
- Wanted Sociology to improve people's lives
- Saw it as a science

4

Emile Durkheim

(1858-1917)
- Studied Comte, viewed it as a science, studied Social Facts
- Viewed society as a body, where all moving parts needed to function

5

Karl Marx

(1818-1883)
- Looked at the economy to define social change
- Focused on theills of capitalism and how they lead to the class system
- Predicted that the class division would come from a capitalistic system

6

Materialistic conception of history

Only the economy can drive social change

7

Max Weber

(1864-1920)
- Similar to Marx
- Believed that personal values also affected the social changes
- Talked a bunch about Christianity, Christianity changed the protestant work ethic

8

Harriet Martineau

(1802-1876)
-Introduced Sociology to England
- Wanted to study domestic life.
- Against slavery and child labor, fought for women's rights

9

W.E.B. Du Bois

(1868-1963)
- First significant African American Sociologist
- Studied Double consciousness and the color line
- Ph. D from Harvard.
- Denounced his citizenship and became a communist
- Founded the NAACP

10

Double consciousness

Viewing society through different categories of your life, such as being an African American and also a American

11

Personal Troubles

Largely private issues, only to be experienced by the individual, not by society
(sexuality, depression, etc)

12

Public issues

Problems to be experienced by the public and not the individual

13

Structuration

Life is not random, but rather, our lives are dynamic, and will constantly be based upon social cause and effect. Structured and patterned. Societies are always changing.

14

Global Perspective

Thinking about the world through connections in a worldful piece of mind

15

Theory

System of ideas to likely prove something as true

16

Social Facts

Aspects of society that shape your life such as economy, politics, religion, etc.

17

Organic Solidarity

(Durkheim)
Various parts of society working together as a whole

18

Social Constraint

conditioning influenced by our known societies

19

Anomie

Places in society where norms are loosely held, where you can be weird
Insane asylum?

20

Capitalism

Private ownership of wealth to gain profit

21

Dysfunction

Undesirable consequences of a social activity
(Seeing family at a wedding)

22

Manifest Function

Desirable consequences of a social activity
(Supporting your family at a wedding)

23

Latent Function

Unaware consequences of a social activity to the user
(Spending money and gaining weight from food)

24

Robert Merton

Founder of the Three Functions, dysfunction, manifest function, and Latent Function

25

Power

Ability of an individual to achieve the aims or further their own interests

26

Ideology

Shared ideas or beliefs that serve to justify the means of dominant groups. Connected to power.
Ideologies legitimize power.

27

Feminism

Women are equal to men in everything.

28

Feminist Theory

Emphasizes centrality of gender in analyzing the social world