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Flashcards in Time for a Little Funk Deck (20):
1

Who defined the genre of funk?

James Brown.

2

Which artist can be described as being one of the most influential and successful musicians in the history of R&B and hip-hop, but was classified as a "funk"?

James Brown.

3

Who/what were some of James Brown's influences?

The church, Louis Jordan, and minstrel shows.

4

During what time period was funk established?

The 1960's.

5

What is special about funk lyrics?

The lyrics emphasize racial pride and celebrated black vernacular speech.

6

In funk music, what were verse-chorus structures replaced by?

Sections with irregular lengths.

7

Funk music is characterized by insistent ___ of a single word or phrase.

Repetition.

8

Funk music incorporated ___ vocal techniques, such as...

Gospel, call and response.

9

High pitched ___ and ___ can often be heard in funk music.

Shouts and screams.

10

Funk music is/isn't highly rhythmic. Give an example of a technique to support your answer.

Is. Reverb from guitar strings is dampened.

11

Name a guitar technique developed during the funk period, and describe it.

Scratch guitar. When only 3 out of 6 guitar strings are strummed.

12

Funk popularized the technique of ___, which is a jazz trait that set it apart from R&B. Describe this technique.

Scatting. When people improvise without words.

13

What are the 3 reasons that Brown worked with radio stations?

1. Black communities need stations that serve them.
2. Use stations as training grounds for black people.
3. Wanted to be a symbol of a black entrepreneur.

14

Which artist sold more records than any other African-American artist through the years 1967-1970?

Arethra Franklin.

15

Franklin worked with ___ ___ at Atlantic Records, who saw Ray Charles in her.

Jerry Wexler.

16

Franklin was heavily influenced by her ___, and gained exposure to many influential artists at the time through his connections.

Father.

17

Franklin had a passion to unite Black Americans, and was called the...

"Queen of Soul".

18

Which song by Franklin was considered to be the new Negro national anthem?

RESPECT.

19

RESPECT reflected a sense of ___ and ___ that had not previously been expressed by black female artists, not even in classic blues.

Pride, strength.

20

Both "RESPECT" and James Brown's "Say It Loud (I'm Black and I'm Proud)" were released in 1967-8, and signalled...

Soul music's rise to a new level of political engagement.