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Flashcards in Top 200 Deck (168):
0

What's the term for absence of taste?

Ageusia

1

What's the term for absence of the sense of smell?

Anosmia

2

What's the term for inflammation of the bladder?

Cystitis

3

What's the term for inflammation of the tongue?

Glossitis

4

What's the term for breast enlargement in males?

Gynecomastia

5

What's the term for blood in the urine?

Hematuria

6

What's the term for the expectoration of blood?

Hemoptysis

7

What's the term for cold sore?

Herpes labialis

8

What's the term for shingles?

Herpes zoster

9

What's the term for a lowered level of consciousness marked by listlessness, somnolence, and apathy?

Lethargy

10

What's the term for involuntary contraction of muscle?

Myoclonus

11

What's the term for fungal infection of the nail?

Onychomycosis

12

What's the term for eye pain?

Ophthalmagra

13

What's the term for an agent that destroys lice?

Pediculicide

14

What's the term for infested with lice?

Pediculosis

15

What's the term for a collection of pus under the skin?

Pustule

16

What's the term for the inflammation of a salivary gland?

Sialadenitis

17

What's the term for inflammation of the oral mucosa?

Stomatitis

18

What's the term for fungal infection of the nail?

Tinea unguium

19

What's the term for a ringing noise in the ears?

Tinnitus

20

What's the term for chickenpox?

Varicella zoster

21

What's the term for a blister?

Vesicle

22

What's the term for disease causing?

Virulent

23

What's the term for an acute inflammation of the bowel mucosa characterized by diarrhea and abdominal pain?

Pseudomembranous colitis

24

What's the name of the specific syndrome caused by the bacteria Clostridium difficile?

Pseudomembranous colitis

25

Treatment with antibiotics may permit the overgrowth of which bacteria?

Clostridium difficile

26

What's the choice antibiotic associated with Pseudomembranous colitis?

Metronidazole

27

What are the natural penicillins?

penicillin G, penicillin V

28

What are the Aminopenicillins?

Ampicillin, amoxicillin

29

Dickofaxin, nafcillin, oxacillin are what type of penicillins?

Penicillinase resistant penicillins

30

What dosage forms are amoxicillin and dicloxacillin available in?

Oral

31

Which penicillins are only available in parenteral dosage forms?

Penicillin G, nafcillin, oxacillin

32

Which penicillins are available in both oral and IV dosage forms?

Penicillin V, ampicillin

33

How should ampicillin be taken?

On an empty stomach

34

How should amoxicillin be taken?

Without regards to meals

35

What's the trade for penicillin G Aqueous?

Pfizerpen

36

What's the trade for penicillin G benzathine?

Bicillin LA

37

What's the generic for Bicillin CR?

penicillin G procaine, penicillin G benzathine

38

How can penicillin G potassium be administered?

IV or IM

39

What's the preferred administration route for penicillin G potassium?

IV is preferred

40

What's the only route for Penicillin G procaine and penicillin G benzathine?

Intramuscularly

41

What anesthetics can reduce the burning on administration of penicillin G?

Procaine, benzathine

42

Serious medication errors have occurred from administration of penicillin G procaine or penicillin G benzathine through what route?

Given IV has caused fatal embolisms

43

What's the trade for amoxicillin and potassium clavulanate?

Augmentin

44

What's the TC for Augmentin?

Aminopenicillin, beta-lactamase inhibitor (Antibiotic)

45

What are the dosage forms for Augmentin?

250 mg, 500 mg, 875 mg amoxicillin each contains 125 mg potassium clavulanate

46

What's the dosage form for Augmentin XR?

1000 mg amoxicillin, 62.5 mg potassium clavulanate

47

Should Augmentin oral suspension be refrigerated?

Yes

48

What's the beta lactamase component of Augmentin?

Potassium clavulanate is a beta lactamase inhibitor

49

Which organisms are tetracyclines active against?

Gram positive and gram negative

50

What should pharmacists counsel patients on with tetracyclines?

Pharmacists should counsel patients to wear sunscreen when outdoors or to avoid tanning beds. Use of tetracyclines during pregnancy or in children under 8 years of age may cause permanent tooth discoloration.

51

Which cations do tetracyclines form chelates with?

Di and trivalent cations (Zn, Al, Mg, Ca, Fe)

52

What's the trade for minocycline?

Minocin

53

What's the trade for doxycycline?

Vibramycin, Doryx

54

What treats travelers diarrhea?

Xifaxan-rifaximin

55

What does Prevpac contain?

500 mg clarithromycin tablets, 30 mg lansoprazole capsules, 500 mg amoxicillin capsules

56

What's the recommended dose or duration of Prevpac?

500 mg clarithromycin, 30 mg lansoprazole, 1 gram of amoxicillin together twice daily for 14 days

57

How many daily administration cards does Prevpac contain?

14 daily administration cards

58

Which type of antibiotics are erythromycin, clarithromycin and azithromycin?

Macrolide

59

What tablet strengths does Zithromax come in?

250 mg, 500 mg

60

What unit of use packages are the tablets available in?

250 mg tablets- Z-pak duration= 5 days
500 mg tablets- Tri-Pak duration= 3 days

61

What strengths does the powder for oral suspension Zithromax come in?

100 mg/5 ml, 200 mg/5 ml, 1 gram single dose packet

62

What's the dosing interval for Zithromax?

Once daily

63

What is Zithromax one gram powder indicated for?

Chlamydia-the powder should be mixed with 60 ml of water and administered immediately after mixing

64

What's the 1% ophthalmic solution indicated for "pink eye"?

AzaSite

65

What's the term for pink eye?

Bacterial conjunctivitis

66

What are the first generation cephalosporins?

1. Keflex-cephalexin
2. cefadroxil

67

What are the second generation Cephalosporins?

1. cefaclor
2. Cefzil-cefprozil
3. Ceftin-cefuroxime

68

What are the third generation Cephalosporins?

1. cefdinir
2. cefpodoxime
3. Spectracef-cefditoren
4. Suprax-cefixime

69

What percent is Cephalosporins cross reactivity in patients with a history of penicillin allergy?

5%

70

Should cefdinir be stored in the refrigerator?

Yes

71

What does cefdinir interact with?

Iron

72

Which antibiotic is indicated for urinary tract infections?

Nitrofurantoin

73

How often should Macrodantin be given?

Four times daily and available in strengths of 50 mg and 100 mg

74

Macrodantin can also be prescribed as a single daily dose therapy for long term suppressive therapy. When should it be taken?

Bedtime

75

What two generics does Macrobid come in?

nitrofurantoin monohydrate (75 mg)
nitrofurantoin macro crystals (25 mg)

76

What does Macrobid treat?

UTI

77

How often should Macrobid be given?

Twice daily

78

What does nitrofurantoin monohydrate (75 mg) do besides treat a UTI?

Reduces GI upset

79

Trade name for ciprofloxacin?

Cipro

80

Trade name for gemifloxacin?

Factive

81

Trade name for moxifloxacin?

Avelox

82

Trade name for levofloxacin?

Levaquin

83

Which fluoroquinolone is ophthalmic only?

besifloxacin

84

Which fluoroquinolones are available in oral dosage form only?

1. ofloxacin
2. gemifloxacin

85

Which fluoroquinolones are both oral and IV?

1. ciprofloxacin
2. levofloxacin
3. moxifloxacin

86

What should pharmacists counsel patients about fluoroquinolones?

Use sunscreen when outdoors and avoid tanning beds

87

Trade for ophthalmic/otic ofloxacin?

Ocuflox

88

Trade for ophthalmic/otic ciprofloxacin?

Ciloxan

89

Trade for ophthalmic/otic gatifloxacin?

Zymaxid

90

Trade for ophthalmic/otic moxifloxacin?

Vigamox, Moxeza

91

Trade for ophthalmic/otic besifloxacin?

Besivance

92

Trade for ciprofloxacin, dexamethasone otic product?

Ciprodex

93

Trade for ciprofloxacin, hydrocortisone otic product?

Cipro HC Otic

94

Trade for extended release ciprofloxacin?

Cipro XR

95

Can patients under 18 use Cipro Oral Suspension?

No....also note that water should not be used and micro capsules should be added to the diligent prior to dispensing...

96

Trade for moxifloxacin ophthalmic antibiotic?

Vigamox

97

How often should Vigamox be given?

Three times daily

98

How often should the other moxifloxacin ophthalmic solution named Moxeza be given?

Give twice daily

99

What's the DI for Zymaxid?

Every 2 hours for two days, then four times daily on days three through seven.

100

Trade for gatifloxacin?

Zymaxid

101

How often should Ciprodex be given?

Twice daily

102

What's the dosage form for Ciprodex?

Otic suspension

103

What is Bactroban indicated for?

Impetigo

104

What's the trade for mupirocin?

Bactroban

105

How often should Bactroban be given?

Three times a day

106

What is the contagious bacterial skin infection characterized by vesicles and yellowish crust?

Impetigo

107

Another product besides Bactroban indicated for impetigo?

Altabax 1% retapamulin

108

How often should Altabax be administered?

Twice daily

109

What dosage forms does Bactroban come in?

2% ointment; 2% cream

110

What topical antibiotic is indicated for the eradication of the colonization of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus?

Bactroban Nasal Ointment 2%

111

What's the DI for Bactroban Nasal ointment?

Twice daily for five days

112

How do you apply Bactroban Nasal ointment?

One half of the content should be applied into one nostril and the remaining half in the other.

113

What's the trade for erythromycin and benzoyl peroxide?

Benzamycin

114

What's the TC for Benzamycin?

Topical Antiacne Agent

115

How often should Benzamycin be given and in what dosage form?

Gel indicated for acne given twice daily

116

Prior to dispensing Benzamycin Gel, what should be done?

3 mL of ethyl alcohol should be added to the erythromycin which is then mixed with the gel. Should be stored under refrigeration.

117

What's the trade for benzoyl peroxide and clindamycin?

BenzaClin

118

How often should BenzaClin be administered and in what dosage form?

Gel given twice daily

119

Prior to dispensing what should be done to BenzaClin gel?

5 mL of purified water should be added to the clindamycin which is then mixed with the gel.

120

Should BenzaClin be stored at room temp or refrigerate?

Room temp

121

What's the trade for the metronidazole vaginal gel?

Metrogel-Vaginal

122

What are the imidazole antifungals?

1. ketoconazole
2. miconazole

123

What's the trade for ketoconazole?

Nizoral

124

What's the trade for Sporanox?

itraconazole

125

Trade for fluconazole?

Diflucan

126

Trade for voriconazole?

Vfend

127

Trade for posaconazole?

Noxafil

128

What are the triazole antifungals?

1. itraconazole
2. fluconazole
3. voriconazole
4. posaconazole

129

How should Vfend be administered?

Empty stomach

130

How should Noxafil be administered?

With food

131

What's the trade for 2% ketoconazole shampoo?

Nizoral AD

132

How is ketoconazole available?

2% cream, 2% shampoo, 200 mg tablet

133

What is ketoconazole indicated for?

Athlete's foot-Tinea pedis
Jock itch-Tinea cruris
Ringworm-Tinea corporis

134

What's the trade for fluconazole?

Diflucan

135

Which type of antifungal is fluconazole?

Triazole

136

What are the indications for Diflucan?

Oral, esophageal, vaginal candidiasis

137

How long will Diflucan maintain potency when stored at room temp?

14 days

138

What's the trade for terbinafine?

Lamisil

139

What is Lamisil indicated for?

Onychomycosis-Tinea unguium

140

What's the duration of therapy with Lamisil for fingernails?

6 weeks

141

What's the duration of therapy for Lamisil for toenails?

12 weeks

142

What is oral acyclovir indicated for?

Genital herpes, herpes zoster, varicella-zoster, herpes labialis

143

Should Zovirax oral be maintained at room temp or refrigerated?

Room temperature

144

What is Zovirax Cream indicated for?

Herpes labialis

145

What is Zovirax ointment indicated for?

Genital herpes

146

What's the trade for penciclovir?

Denavir

147

What does Denavir treat?

Herpes labialis

148

What dosage forms does Valtrex come in?

Tablet (500 mg, 1 gram)

149

What's the dosing interval of Valtrex for herpes labialis?

2 grams twice daily for 1 day

150

What's the dosing interval of Valtrex for Varicella-zoster?

Three times daily for 5 days

151

What's the dosing interval of Valtrex for recurrent genital herpes?

500 mg twice daily for 3 days

152

What's the dosing interval of Valtrex for initial genital herpes?

1 gram twice daily for 10 days

153

What's the dosing interval of Valtrex for herpes zoster?

1 gram three times a day for 7 days

154

Patients allergic to Zovirax should not take which drug?

Valtrex

155

Trade name for famciclovir?

Famvir

156

Indications for Famvir?

Herpes zoster, recurrent genital herpes, herpes labialis

157

How often should Famvir be given for herpes zoster?

500 mg three times a day for 7 days

158

How I often should Famvir be given for recurrent genital herpes treatment?

1 gram twice daily for 1 day

159

How often should Famvir be given for suppressive therapy?

250 mg twice daily for up to one year

160

How often should Famvir be given for herpes labialis?

1500 mg as a single dose

161

What's the trade for oseltamivir?

Tamiflu

162

What are the dosage forms for Tamiflu?

Capsule (30 mg, 45 mg, 75 mg)
Powder for oral suspension (6 mg/mL)

163

What's the dosing interval for Tamiflu?

Twice daily

164

What oseltamivir dose should be given for patients 13 and older?

75 mg

165

What are patients under 13 dosage interval based on?

Weight

166

Should Tamiflu be taken with food?

Yes to reduce nausea

167

Should Tamiflu be refrigerated? It should be used within how many days?

Should be refrigerated and used within 10 days of prep