Flashcards in Top 200 Deck (168):
What's the term for absence of taste?
What's the term for absence of the sense of smell?
What's the term for inflammation of the bladder?
What's the term for inflammation of the tongue?
What's the term for breast enlargement in males?
What's the term for blood in the urine?
What's the term for the expectoration of blood?
What's the term for cold sore?
What's the term for shingles?
What's the term for a lowered level of consciousness marked by listlessness, somnolence, and apathy?
What's the term for involuntary contraction of muscle?
What's the term for fungal infection of the nail?
What's the term for eye pain?
What's the term for an agent that destroys lice?
What's the term for infested with lice?
What's the term for a collection of pus under the skin?
What's the term for the inflammation of a salivary gland?
What's the term for inflammation of the oral mucosa?
What's the term for fungal infection of the nail?
What's the term for a ringing noise in the ears?
What's the term for chickenpox?
What's the term for a blister?
What's the term for disease causing?
What's the term for an acute inflammation of the bowel mucosa characterized by diarrhea and abdominal pain?
What's the name of the specific syndrome caused by the bacteria Clostridium difficile?
Treatment with antibiotics may permit the overgrowth of which bacteria?
What's the choice antibiotic associated with Pseudomembranous colitis?
What are the natural penicillins?
penicillin G, penicillin V
What are the Aminopenicillins?
Dickofaxin, nafcillin, oxacillin are what type of penicillins?
Penicillinase resistant penicillins
What dosage forms are amoxicillin and dicloxacillin available in?
Which penicillins are only available in parenteral dosage forms?
Penicillin G, nafcillin, oxacillin
Which penicillins are available in both oral and IV dosage forms?
Penicillin V, ampicillin
How should ampicillin be taken?
On an empty stomach
How should amoxicillin be taken?
Without regards to meals
What's the trade for penicillin G Aqueous?
What's the trade for penicillin G benzathine?
What's the generic for Bicillin CR?
penicillin G procaine, penicillin G benzathine
How can penicillin G potassium be administered?
IV or IM
What's the preferred administration route for penicillin G potassium?
IV is preferred
What's the only route for Penicillin G procaine and penicillin G benzathine?
What anesthetics can reduce the burning on administration of penicillin G?
Serious medication errors have occurred from administration of penicillin G procaine or penicillin G benzathine through what route?
Given IV has caused fatal embolisms
What's the trade for amoxicillin and potassium clavulanate?
What's the TC for Augmentin?
Aminopenicillin, beta-lactamase inhibitor (Antibiotic)
What are the dosage forms for Augmentin?
250 mg, 500 mg, 875 mg amoxicillin each contains 125 mg potassium clavulanate
What's the dosage form for Augmentin XR?
1000 mg amoxicillin, 62.5 mg potassium clavulanate
Should Augmentin oral suspension be refrigerated?
What's the beta lactamase component of Augmentin?
Potassium clavulanate is a beta lactamase inhibitor
Which organisms are tetracyclines active against?
Gram positive and gram negative
What should pharmacists counsel patients on with tetracyclines?
Pharmacists should counsel patients to wear sunscreen when outdoors or to avoid tanning beds. Use of tetracyclines during pregnancy or in children under 8 years of age may cause permanent tooth discoloration.
Which cations do tetracyclines form chelates with?
Di and trivalent cations (Zn, Al, Mg, Ca, Fe)
What's the trade for minocycline?
What's the trade for doxycycline?
What treats travelers diarrhea?
What does Prevpac contain?
500 mg clarithromycin tablets, 30 mg lansoprazole capsules, 500 mg amoxicillin capsules
What's the recommended dose or duration of Prevpac?
500 mg clarithromycin, 30 mg lansoprazole, 1 gram of amoxicillin together twice daily for 14 days
How many daily administration cards does Prevpac contain?
14 daily administration cards
Which type of antibiotics are erythromycin, clarithromycin and azithromycin?
What tablet strengths does Zithromax come in?
250 mg, 500 mg
What unit of use packages are the tablets available in?
250 mg tablets- Z-pak duration= 5 days
500 mg tablets- Tri-Pak duration= 3 days
What strengths does the powder for oral suspension Zithromax come in?
100 mg/5 ml, 200 mg/5 ml, 1 gram single dose packet
What's the dosing interval for Zithromax?
What is Zithromax one gram powder indicated for?
Chlamydia-the powder should be mixed with 60 ml of water and administered immediately after mixing
What's the 1% ophthalmic solution indicated for "pink eye"?
What's the term for pink eye?
What are the first generation cephalosporins?
What are the second generation Cephalosporins?
What are the third generation Cephalosporins?
What percent is Cephalosporins cross reactivity in patients with a history of penicillin allergy?
Should cefdinir be stored in the refrigerator?
What does cefdinir interact with?
Which antibiotic is indicated for urinary tract infections?
How often should Macrodantin be given?
Four times daily and available in strengths of 50 mg and 100 mg
Macrodantin can also be prescribed as a single daily dose therapy for long term suppressive therapy. When should it be taken?
What two generics does Macrobid come in?
nitrofurantoin monohydrate (75 mg)
nitrofurantoin macro crystals (25 mg)
What does Macrobid treat?
How often should Macrobid be given?
What does nitrofurantoin monohydrate (75 mg) do besides treat a UTI?
Reduces GI upset
Trade name for ciprofloxacin?
Trade name for gemifloxacin?
Trade name for moxifloxacin?
Trade name for levofloxacin?
Which fluoroquinolone is ophthalmic only?
Which fluoroquinolones are available in oral dosage form only?
Which fluoroquinolones are both oral and IV?
What should pharmacists counsel patients about fluoroquinolones?
Use sunscreen when outdoors and avoid tanning beds
Trade for ophthalmic/otic ofloxacin?
Trade for ophthalmic/otic ciprofloxacin?
Trade for ophthalmic/otic gatifloxacin?
Trade for ophthalmic/otic moxifloxacin?
Trade for ophthalmic/otic besifloxacin?
Trade for ciprofloxacin, dexamethasone otic product?
Trade for ciprofloxacin, hydrocortisone otic product?
Cipro HC Otic
Trade for extended release ciprofloxacin?
Can patients under 18 use Cipro Oral Suspension?
No....also note that water should not be used and micro capsules should be added to the diligent prior to dispensing...
Trade for moxifloxacin ophthalmic antibiotic?
How often should Vigamox be given?
Three times daily
How often should the other moxifloxacin ophthalmic solution named Moxeza be given?
Give twice daily
What's the DI for Zymaxid?
Every 2 hours for two days, then four times daily on days three through seven.
Trade for gatifloxacin?
How often should Ciprodex be given?
What's the dosage form for Ciprodex?
What is Bactroban indicated for?
What's the trade for mupirocin?
How often should Bactroban be given?
Three times a day
What is the contagious bacterial skin infection characterized by vesicles and yellowish crust?
Another product besides Bactroban indicated for impetigo?
Altabax 1% retapamulin
How often should Altabax be administered?
What dosage forms does Bactroban come in?
2% ointment; 2% cream
What topical antibiotic is indicated for the eradication of the colonization of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus?
Bactroban Nasal Ointment 2%
What's the DI for Bactroban Nasal ointment?
Twice daily for five days
How do you apply Bactroban Nasal ointment?
One half of the content should be applied into one nostril and the remaining half in the other.
What's the trade for erythromycin and benzoyl peroxide?
What's the TC for Benzamycin?
Topical Antiacne Agent
How often should Benzamycin be given and in what dosage form?
Gel indicated for acne given twice daily
Prior to dispensing Benzamycin Gel, what should be done?
3 mL of ethyl alcohol should be added to the erythromycin which is then mixed with the gel. Should be stored under refrigeration.
What's the trade for benzoyl peroxide and clindamycin?
How often should BenzaClin be administered and in what dosage form?
Gel given twice daily
Prior to dispensing what should be done to BenzaClin gel?
5 mL of purified water should be added to the clindamycin which is then mixed with the gel.
Should BenzaClin be stored at room temp or refrigerate?
What's the trade for the metronidazole vaginal gel?
What are the imidazole antifungals?
What's the trade for ketoconazole?
What's the trade for Sporanox?
Trade for fluconazole?
Trade for voriconazole?
Trade for posaconazole?
What are the triazole antifungals?
How should Vfend be administered?
How should Noxafil be administered?
What's the trade for 2% ketoconazole shampoo?
How is ketoconazole available?
2% cream, 2% shampoo, 200 mg tablet
What is ketoconazole indicated for?
Athlete's foot-Tinea pedis
Jock itch-Tinea cruris
What's the trade for fluconazole?
Which type of antifungal is fluconazole?
What are the indications for Diflucan?
Oral, esophageal, vaginal candidiasis
How long will Diflucan maintain potency when stored at room temp?
What's the trade for terbinafine?
What is Lamisil indicated for?
What's the duration of therapy with Lamisil for fingernails?
What's the duration of therapy for Lamisil for toenails?
What is oral acyclovir indicated for?
Genital herpes, herpes zoster, varicella-zoster, herpes labialis
Should Zovirax oral be maintained at room temp or refrigerated?
What is Zovirax Cream indicated for?
What is Zovirax ointment indicated for?
What's the trade for penciclovir?
What does Denavir treat?
What dosage forms does Valtrex come in?
Tablet (500 mg, 1 gram)
What's the dosing interval of Valtrex for herpes labialis?
2 grams twice daily for 1 day
What's the dosing interval of Valtrex for Varicella-zoster?
Three times daily for 5 days
What's the dosing interval of Valtrex for recurrent genital herpes?
500 mg twice daily for 3 days
What's the dosing interval of Valtrex for initial genital herpes?
1 gram twice daily for 10 days
What's the dosing interval of Valtrex for herpes zoster?
1 gram three times a day for 7 days
Patients allergic to Zovirax should not take which drug?
Trade name for famciclovir?
Indications for Famvir?
Herpes zoster, recurrent genital herpes, herpes labialis
How often should Famvir be given for herpes zoster?
500 mg three times a day for 7 days
How I often should Famvir be given for recurrent genital herpes treatment?
1 gram twice daily for 1 day
How often should Famvir be given for suppressive therapy?
250 mg twice daily for up to one year
How often should Famvir be given for herpes labialis?
1500 mg as a single dose
What's the trade for oseltamivir?
What are the dosage forms for Tamiflu?
Capsule (30 mg, 45 mg, 75 mg)
Powder for oral suspension (6 mg/mL)
What's the dosing interval for Tamiflu?
What oseltamivir dose should be given for patients 13 and older?
What are patients under 13 dosage interval based on?
Should Tamiflu be taken with food?
Yes to reduce nausea