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Dispensing Exam Three > Top 200 Respiratory > Flashcards

Flashcards in Top 200 Respiratory Deck (218):
0

What's the term for dry mouth?

Xerostomia

1

Term for hives?

Urticaria

2

Term for a runny nose?

Rhinorrhea

3

What's the term for rhinitis caused by rebound vasodilation after excessive use of vasoconstriction nasal sprays or drops?

Rhinitis medicamentosa

4

Term for pyrexia?

Fever

5

Term for inflammation of nasal mucous membranes?

Rhinitis

6

Term for paleness?

Pallor

7

Term for a feeling of discomfort or fatigue?

Malaise

8

Term for area of tissue death due to a lack of oxygen?

Infarct

9

Term for hoarseness?

Dysphonia?

10

Term for absence of breathing?

Apnea

11

Term for def of carbon dioxide in blood?

Acapnia

12

What are the two classes of orally inhaled bronchodilators?

Sympathomimetics bronchodilators and anticholinergic bronchodilators

13

Trade for indacaterol?

Arcapta NeoHaler - DPI

14

Trade for Serevent Diskus?

salmeterol

15

Trade for formoterol?

Foradil Aerolizer

16

Trade for pirbuterol?

Maxair Autohaler

17

Trade for levalbuterol?

Xopenex HFA

18

Which inhalers are "rescue inhalers"?

albuterol
levalbuterol
pirbuterol

All MDIs

19

Which inhaler is a breath activated MDI beneficial in patients who have difficulty using a traditional "press and breathe" MDI?

Maxair Autohaler-pirbuterol

20

Which are long acting sympathomimetic bronchodilators ONLY indicated for asthma prophylaxis?

formoterol, salmeterol, indacaterol

All DPIs

21

Dosing interval for formoterol and salmeterol?

Twice daily

22

Dosing interval for indacaterol?

Once daily

23

How long can Foradil be stored at room temp?

For four months but it should be stored under refrigeration

24

What is the solution for nebuilization diluted with?

Normal saline

25

Which sympathomimetic are available as solutions for nebuilization?

AccuNeb-albuterol
Xopenex-levalbuterol
Brovana-arformoterol

26

What's the long acting solution for nebuilization?

Arformoterol-it's the "R" isomer of formoterol

27

How often should Brovana be administered?

Twice daily and store Brovana in frig

28

How long can Brovana be stored at room temp?

6 weeks

29

What's the TC for albuterol?

Bronchodilator or Sympathomimetic

30

What's the dosage form for albuterol?

90 mcg per metered spray

31

What's the DI for albuterol?

Four times daily

32

What's the TC for levalbuterol?

Bronchodilator or Sympathomimetic

33

What's the dosage form for Xopenex HFA?

45 mcg per metered spray

34

DI for Xopenex?

Four times daily just like albuterol

35

Which isomer is levalbuterol?

R isomer; note albuterol is both R and S

36

What's the trade for desloratadine?

Clarinex

37

What's the DI for Clarinex?

Once daily

38

What is Clarinex indicated for?

Allergic rhinitis, chronic idiopathic urticaria

39

What dosage forms are Clarinex RediTabs available in?

2.5, 5 mg ODT

40

What dosage forms are Clarinex available in?

5 mg tablet, 2.5 or 5 mg ODT, syrup 2.5 mg/5 mL

41

How often should Astelin be given?

Twice daily

42

Trade for azelastine?

Astelin

43

What percent is Astelin nasal spray?

0.1 %

44

How often is Astepro given?

Twice daily

45

What percent is Astepro?

0.15%

46

Trade for hydrocodone polistirex, chlorphenifamine polistirex?

Tussionex

47

How often should Tussionex be given?

Twice daily

48

What's the dosage for Tussionex?

10 mg hydrocodone polistirex/5 mL, 8 mg chlorphenifamine/5 mL

49

How often should Xyzal be given?

Once daily

50

Trade for levocetirizine?

Xyzal

51

What is Xyzal indicated for?

Allergic rhinitis, chronic idiopathic urticaria

52

How often should Zyrtec D 12 hour be given?

Twice daily

53

What's the dosage form for Zyrtec D 12 Hour?

5 mg cetirizine, 120 mg pseudoephedrine

54

How often should Zyrtec be given?

Once daily

55

How often should Children's Allegra be given?

Twice daily

56

How often should Allegra Allergy 12 Hour be given?

Twice daily

57

How often should Allegra Allergy 24 hour be given?

Once daily

58

What strength is Allegra Allergy 12 hour?

60 mg fexofenadine

59

Term for deficiency of carbon dioxide?

Acapnia

60

Term for inflammation of nasal mucous membranes resulting from an allergic reaction?

Allergic rhinitis

61

Term for absence of breathing?

Apnea

62

Term for collapsed lung?

Atelectasis

63

Abnormally slow breathing?

Bradypnea

64

Term for a bruise?

Ecchymosis

65

Term for nosebleed?

Epistaxis

66

Term meaning to eject from the lungs by coughing?

Expectorate

67

Hypercapnia

Excess carbon dioxide in the blood

68

Infarct

Area of tissue death due to a lack of oxygen

69

Keratitis

Inflammation of the cornea

70

Term for a feeling of discomfort or fatigue?

Malaise

71

Term for pupil dilation?

Mydriasis

72

Fungal infection in the mouth cause by Candida albicans?

Oral candidiasis

73

Term for paleness?

Pallor

74

Term for fever?

Pyrexia

75

Term for inflammation of the nasal mucous membranes?

Rhinitis

76

Term for rhinitis caused by rebound vasodilation after excessive use of vasoconstriction nasal sprays or drops?

Rhinitis medicamentosa

77

Term for a runny nose?

Rhinorrhea

78

Term for hives?

Urticaria

79

Term for dry mouth?

Xerostomia

80

Type of inhaler is albuterol?

MDI

81

Type of inhalers are albuterol, levalbuterol, and pirbuterol?

Metered dose inhalers

82

Type of inhalers are formoterol, salmeterol, and indacaterol?

DPI-dry powder inhalers

83

Trade names for albuterol?

Proventil HFA, Ventolin HFA, ProAir HFA

84

Trade for levalbuterol?

Xopenex HFA

85

Trade for pirbuterol?

MaxAir Autohaler

86

Trade for formoterol?

Foradil Aerolizer

87

Trade for salmeterol?

Serevent Diskus

88

Trade for indacaterol?

Arcapta NeoHaler

89

What type of inhaler are albuterol, levalbuterol, and pirbuterol?

Quick relief or rescue inhalers

90

Which rescue inhaler is a breath activated MDI for patients who have difficulty using a traditional "press and breathe" MDI?

MaxAir Autohaler-pirbuterol

91

If some is having an acute asthma attack, what would you give?

albuterol , levalbuterol, pirbuterol

92

Which inhalers are long acting sympathomimetic bronchodilators only indicated for asthma prophylaxis?

formoterol, salmeterol, indacaterol

93

Will formoterol, salmeterol or indacaterol relieve an acute attack?

No they are long activating that are for asthma prophylaxis

94

Dosing interval for formoterol and salmeterol?

Twice daily

95

Dosing interval for indacaterol?

Once daily

96

Dosing interval for Serevent Diskus as well as Foradil Aerolizer?

Twice daily

97

Room temp or refrigerate for Foradil?

Refrigerate

98

How long can Foradil be stored at room temp?

FOUR months for Foradil
Four=FOradil

99

Another term for nebulizer?

Updraft machine

100

How can sympathomimetic bronchodilators be administered?

In a dosage form known as solution for nebulization or updraft

101

Which sympathomimetica are available as solutions for nebulization?

Accuneb-albuterol
Xopenex-levalbuterol
Brovana-arformoterol-"long acting"

102

What's the name for the R isomer of formoterol that's a long acting solution for nebulization?

Arformoterol

103

How often should Brovana be administered?

Twice daily-also remember to refrigerate Brovana

104

How long can Brovana be store at room temp?

6 weeks

105

What TC are albuterol and levalbuterol?

Bronchodilator-Sympathomimetic

Remember these are both administered four times daily....4X

106

What dosage form does Ventolin HFA come in and how often should it be given?

inhalation aerosol (90 mcg per spray) give four times daily

107

What dosage form and how often should Xopenex HFA be given?

45 mcg per metered spray given four times daily

108

Which isomer is levalbuterol?

R isomer; albuterol contains both R and S

109

What are orally inhaled anticholinergics indicated for?

ONLY indicated for prevention; anticholinergics WILL NOT relieve acute attack

110

Trade for ipratropium?

Atrovent HFA

111

Trade for tiotropium?

Spiriva Handihaler

112

Trade for aclidinium?

Tudorza Pressair

113

Which orally inhaled anticholinergics are DPIs?

Spiriva HandiHaler; Tudorza Pressair

114

Trade for aclidinium?

Tudorza Pressair

115

What do anticholinergics produce?

Bronchodilator by competitive inhibition of cholinergic receptors on bronchial smooth muscle

116

Atrovent Nasal 0.03% is indicated for children how old?

Children age 6 to 12 years-treats rhinorrhea associated with allergic rhinitis

117

What age group does Atrovent Nasal 0.06% treat?

Ages 12 and up

118

What dosage forms is ipratropium available in?

Orally inhaled anticholinergics
Solution for nebulization
Intranasal solution

119

Trade for ipratropium intranasal solution?

Atrovent Nasal Spray

120

Trade for ipratropium?

Atrovent HFA

121

TC for Atrovent?

Anticholinergic-Bronchodilator

122

How often should Atrovent be given?

Four times daily; it's an Anticholinergic

123

How often should Combivent Respimat be given?

Four times daily

124

How often should Duoneb be given?

Four times daily

125

What's the TC for DuoNeb?

Bronchodilator-Anticholinergic, Sympathomimetic

126

What's the trade for ipratropium and albuterol?

DuoNeb

127

What dosage for does DuoNeb come in?

Solution for nebulization

128

What's the trade for ipratropium bromide and albuterol?

Combivent Respimat -4 times daily

129

How often should Combivent Respimat be given?

Four times daily

130

How do Combivent Respimat and DuoNeb differ?

Both are ipratropium and albuterol....Combivent Respimat is an inhalation aerosol whereas DuoNeb is solution for nebulization

131

How Anticholinergics are for asthma prophylaxis?

Atrovent HFA, Spiriva HandiHaler

132

What's the dosing interval for Spiriva HandiHaler?

Once daily

133

What dosage form does Spiriva HandiHaler come in?

Powder for inhalation

134

What are the orally inhaled corticosteroids indicated for?

Asthma prophylaxis

135

Trade for beclomethasone?

QVAR

136

Trade for budesonide?

Pulmicort Flexhaler

137

Trade for fluticasone?

Flovent HFA

138

Trade for mometasone?

Asmanex Twisthaler

139

Trade for ciclesonide?

Alvesco

140

Type of inhaler are beclomethasone, fluticasone and ciclesonide?

MDI

141

Type of inhalers are budesonide and mometasone?

DPI

142

Which budesonide product is available as a suspension for nebulization?

Pulmicort Respules

143

How is budesonide available?

Pulimcort Flexhaler; Pulmicort Respules

144

What precaution should you take if using inhaled corticosteroid and bronchodilator at the same time?

Use bronchodilator several minutes before corticosteroid to enhance corticosteroid penetration into the bronchial tree

145

What are QVAR, Flovent HFA, and Asmanex Twisthaler indicated for?

Asthma prophylaxis

146

What's the DI for Asmanex Twisthaler?

Once daily

147

What's the dosing interval for Flovent HFA and QVAR?

Twice Daily

148

TC for QVA, Flovent HFA, and Asmanex Twisthaler?

Oral Corticosteroid inhalant

149

Which Asmanex Twisthaler strength is indicated for patients 4 to 11 years old?

110 mcg strength

150

Which age group is Asmanex 220 mcg strength indicated for?

11 years and up

151

What are the indications for Pulmicort Respules, Symbicort, and Advair Diskus?

Asthma prophylaxis

152

Trade for fluticasone and salmeterol?

Advair Diskus

153

How often should Advair Diskus be given?

Twice daily

154

What's the trade for budesonide and formoterol?

Symbicort

155

What's the DI for Symbicort?

Twice daily

156

What's the dosing interval for Pulmicort Respules?

Twice daily

157

What age group should Symbicort 80 mcg be given to?

5-11 years old

158

What age group should Symbicort 160 mcg be given to?

11 years and older

159

What's the trade for fluticasone and salmeterol in a MDI?

Advair HFA

160

What strengths does Symbicort come in?

80 mcg budesonide, 4.5 mcg formoterol per spray
160 mcg budesonide, 4.5 mcg formoterol per spray

161

Trade for zafirlukast?

Accolate

162

Trade for montelukast?

Singulair

163

Trade for zileuton?

Zyflo CR

164

How often should Zileuton be administered?

Twice daily

165

What's the trade for the leukotriene formation inhibitor, zileuton?

Zyflo CR

166

What is zileuton indicated for?

asthma prophylaxis

167

What are the two leukotriene receptor antagonists?

Accolate and Singulair

168

TC for Singulair?

Leukotriene Receptor Antagonist

169

What's the TC for Singulair?

Leukotriene Receptor Antagonist

170

Indications for Singulair?

Asthma prophylaxis, allergic rhinitis, prevention of exercise induced asthma

171

What strength of Singulair is indicated for patients 2-5 years?

4 mg strength

172

What strength of Singulair is indicated for patients 15 and older?

Singulair 10 mg tablet

173

What strength of Singulair is indicated for patients 6-14 years old?

5 mg

174

What age group are the Singulair granules for?

Patients 6 months to 5 years of age

175

What can Singulair granules be mixed with?

Granules can be mixed with soft food or put directly in the mouth. They can't be mixed with liquid.

176

What's the dosing interval for Singulair?

Once daily

177

How should Accolate be administered?

On an empty stomach

178

How should Singulair be administered?

Without regards to meals

179

To prevent exercise induced asthma, how often before exercise should montelukast be taken?

Two hours

180

If a person has nasal congestion, what topical nasal decongestant should be taken before administering the intranasal corticosteroid?

Give Afrin-oxymetazoline 5 to 10 mins before

181

How long should topical nasal decongestants be used?

No longer than 3 days due to rhinitis medicamentosa

182

How often should intranasal corticosteroids be administered?

Once daily...that goes for Flonase, Nasonex, Omnaris, Beconase AQ, Veramyst

183

Trade for fluticasone propionate?

Flonase

184

Trade for fluticasone furoate?

Veramyst

185

Trade for budesonide?

Rhinocort Aqua

186

Trade for mometasone?

Nasonex

187

Trade for beclomethasone?

Beconase AQ

188

Trade for beclomethasone?

Beconase AQ

189

Trade for ciclesonide?

Omnaris

190

Are Flonase and Veramyst interchangeable?

No fluticasone propionate and fluticasone furoate are not

191

TC for Veramyst?

Intranasal Corticosteroid

192

Trade for triamcinolone?

Nasacort AQ

193

Do H1 antagonists prevent histamine release?

No they reduce the physiological effects of histamine

194

Which histamine binds to central and peripheral H1 receptors?

First generation

195

Which histamine agents are more selective for peripheral H-1 receptors?

Second generation

196

What are the first generation antihistamine classes?

Ethanolamines
Ethylenediamines
Alkylamines
Phenothiazines
Piperazines
Piperidines

197

Which antihistamine class is cyproheptadine?

Piperidines

198

Which class is Phenergan?

Phenothiazines

199

Trade for promethazine?

Phenergan

200

Which antihistamine class is diphenhydramine?

Ethanolamines

201

Trade for diphenhydramine?

Benadryl

202

Which antihistamine class is pyrilamine?

Ethylenediamines

203

Which antihistamine class is hydroxyzine?

Piperazines

204

Trade for hydroxyzine pamoate?

Vistaril

205

Trade for hydroxyzine HCL?

No trade

206

What the second generation antihistamine classes?

Piperazines
Piperidines
Phthalazinones

207

Which antihistamine class is Zyrtec?

Piperazines

208

Which class is Xyzal?

Piperazines

209

Which class is Astelin, Astepro?

Phthalazinones

210

Which class is Allegra?

Piperidine

211

Which antihistamine class is Claritin?

Piperidine

212

Trade for desloratadine?

Clarinex

213

Trade for loratadine?

Claritin

214

What's the trade for fexofenadine, pseudoephedrine?

Allegra D 12 Hour, Allegra D 24 Hour

215

What's the TC for Allegra D 12 Hour?

Antihistamine, Nasal Decongestant

216

What's the dosage form for Allegra D 12 hour?

60 mg fexofenadine, 120 mg pseudoephedrine

217

What's the dosage form for Allegra D 24 Hour?

180 mg fexofenadine, 240 mg pseudoephedrine