Topic 1 - Health Priorities Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Topic 1 - Health Priorities Deck (37):
1

Agencies responsible for collecting and processing health data

Include the department of health and ageing, state teritory health agencies, the Australian bureau of statistics, the Australian institute of health and welfare and Medicare

2

Health status

Can be measured using positive aspects of health such as wellbeing and health determinants as well as negative aspects like illness and disease

3

Health indicators

Including life expectancy, mortality, morbidity and infant mortality are used to measure health status

4

Epidemiology

Is used to identify patterns of disease and inform Heath decision makers

5

Injuries

Are the major cause of death for people up to age 44 years

6

Patterns of health

Are significantly different for between males and females and between indigenous Australians and the rest of the Australians population

7

Epidemiology role

Informs us about patterns of disease within populations and groups, the benefit of interventions, the application of research findings and the performance of the health system

8

Epidemiology info

Can be used by a range of agencies including governments, doctors, educators and other health professionals

9

The gap in infant mortality

Has closed between the indigenous and non-indigenous rates in recent years

10

ATSI

Experience Lower health status as a result of higher levels of disability and lower quality life. Socioeconomic disadvantage, poor quality housing, unemployment and low educational attainment....poor standard of Health

11

Exposure to risk factors

Such as Tabacco use, alcohol consumption, illicit drug use, overweight and obesity, poor nutrition, physical inactivity and violence all contribute to the poor level of ATSI health

12

Australian government

Collects information about the health of the population to use as evidence for making decisions about how to set priorities and spend the budget

13

Mortality

The measure of the number of deaths in a giving population

14

Morbidity

The incidence of disease: the rage of sickness (specified in a community or group)

15

Infant mortality

The annual deaths per 1000 births (younger then aged 1)

16

Life expectancy

The number of years remaining in ones life

17

Identifying health priority issues

SCP123
Social justice principles, costs to individual, costs to community, prevalence of condition, potential or prevention and early intervention, priority population groups

18

Groups experiencing health inequities

ATSI, SED, people living in remote & rural areas, overseas born people, the aged, people with disabilities

19

Sociocultural determinants of health

Include: family, peers, media, religion, culture

20

Socioeconomic determinants of health

Include: employment, education and income

21

Environmental determinants of health

Include: geographical location and access to health services and technology

22

Inequities exist in terms of...

1. The unequal distribution of some illnesses and conditions throughout a population (genders, different cultures)

2. The injury impact on the health status of some groups due to social, economic, cultural, environmental factors such as income and availability of transport

23

SED nature & extent

Higher diabetes levels
Higher CVD levels
Higher asthma
Higher mental issues
Higher smoking rates
Less consumption of fruit & veg
Higher obesity rates
Higher physical inactivity
Poorer education
Less use of preventative measures

24

Government roles in addressing health inequities- ATSI

Office of ATSI - brings greater focus to delivery of mainstream health services provides grants over 200 organisations

National ATSI community controlled health - agency works with families, housing, communities to improve ATSI health

25

Community roles in addressing health inequities- ATSI

Agencies working to improve the health of ATSI, aims for stronger delivery of healthcare and ensuring sustainability, helps deliver holistic, comprehensive and culturally appropriate healthcare, large healthcare centres providing many trained staff ( for ATSI)

26

Individual roles in addressing health of ATSI

Strong focus in ATSI health services to provide and support as well as skills, particularly aboriginal mothers

27

Preventable chronic disease, injury & mental health problems

CVD, cancer (skin,lung,breast), diabetes type 1&2, respiratory disease, injury, mental health illnesses

28

Th nature of CVD

CVD has been identified as a health priority because it is a major health and economic burden on Australia. It is one of the leading causes of sickness and death

29

Coronary heart disease

The poor supply of blood to the muscular walls of the heart by its own blood supply vessels, the Coronary arteries

30

Stroke

The interruption of the supply of blood to the brain

31

Major risk factors that can be reduced for CVD

Smoking
Raised blood fat levels
High blood pressure
Obesity and overweight conditions
Abdominal obesity
Physical inactivity

32

Groups at risk of developing CVD

Smokers
Family history of CVD
People with high blood cholesterol levels
People with high fat diets
People over the age of 65
People who are SED

33

Nature and extent of cancer

The uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal body cells. It involved a mutation and is believe to originate form a single cell whose genetic material has been ages by a foreign agent

34

The extent of cancer in Australia

The prevalence of cancer in Australia is increasing in both sexes. One in 3 males and one an 4 females will develop cancer before the age of 85

35

The incidence of cancer

Increasing incidence in both sexes, increases in prostate and breast cancer

36

Ottawa charter 5 action areas

Building healthy pub policy
Crest supportive environment
Strengthen community actions
Develop personal skills
Reorient health services

37

Social justice principles

Equity
Diversity
Supporting environment