Topic 1 - response to Apartheid Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Topic 1 - response to Apartheid Deck (38)
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1

how many seats did the National Party win in the 1948 elections vs the United Party

79 seats over the United Party's 71

2

When was the Broederbond set up

1918

3

What is Swart Gevaar and how did it help the NP win the elections

swart Gevaar - black danger - many Afrikaners felt that the united party did not enforce segregation enough and the NP ensured that the 'black threat would be prevented

4

what occured to African wages during WWII under Smuts?

They rose from 1/5 of white wages to 1/4

5

when did Hendrik Verwoerd become Minister of Native Affairs?

1950

6

when was the population Registration Act and What did it do?

1950 - assigned South Africans 1 of 4 racial categories

7

when was the Immorality Act

1950

8

when was the Group Areas Act and what did it do

1950 - allowed the government to assign areas to a certain race group

9

when was the Suppression of Communism Act

1950

10

when was the abolition of Passes Act

1952

11

how many residents did Sophiatown have before the Group Areas Act

60,000

12

which area was the 'we won't move' protest in 1955 after the Group Areas Act was implemented

Sophiatown

13

how many residents were forcibly removed in District Six in 1966?

600,000

14

When was the Bantu Education Act and who did it put african education under the control of?

1953 - the control of Native Affairs

15

how many african children attended school in 1948

less than 33%

16

how many black south africans were literate in 1948?

25%

17

when was the Tomlinson Report and how much did he suggest was funded to Bantustans?

1955 - £100 million

18

when was the ANC founded and when did ideas grow of Civil Disobedience?

founded in 1912 but ideas gew in the 1940s for civil disobedience

19

when was the ANC Youth League formed and by who?

1944 - formed by Walter Sisulu

20

when was the defiance campaign

1952

21

how many arrests were made in the Eastern Cape during the Defiance campaign

8,000

22

when was the Potato Boycott

1957-1959

23

when was the freedom Charter

1955

24

how many Congress leaders were arrested during the Treason Trial

156

25

when was the PAC formed

1959

26

who founded the PAC and was the first leader

Robert Sobukwe

27

when was the liberal party formed

1953

28

when was the ANC's Youth League's programme of Action

1949

29

1948 Urban areas population

20% Africans 75% Whites

30

what acts were passed in 1950

Group Areas Act
Immorality Act
Prohibition of Mixed Marriage Act
Suppression of Communism Act