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Flashcards in topic 2 Deck (24)
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1

1960 commonwealth visit

February - MacMillan Winds of Change speech

2

when was the Sharpevile Massacre

March 1960

3

arrests after Sharpeville

10,000 arrested including Mandela and other ANC leaders

4

Unlawful Organisation Act - Date and effect

1960 - PAC and ANC declared ilelgal

5

when was Verwoerd Shot

1960 April

6

Referendum to leave the Commonwealth

1960 - 52% vote leave

7

Nobel Peace Prize

1960 - Luthuli wins

8

growing Afrikaner prosperity

70% Afrikaners in management jobs 1960 vs 40% in 1948

9

when did the International boycott of SA goods begin

1960

10

MK - founded and first action

1961- acts of sabotage on Dingaans Day in December

11

Sabotage Act - when and effect

1962 - carried out the Death Penalty for acts of sabotage

12

PAC assault 1962

Paarl - hacked 2 young whites to death

13

1960s backlash on POQO and MK

62 members of POQO and 7 MK hanged

14

UN action against apartheid 1962

call for a special committee against apartheid - however many western countries refuse to join

15

when is Mandela arrested

1962 on return from London - Rivonia Trial begins 1963

16

UN response to Rivonia

1963 - UN call for defendants to be released, 50 British MPs march in protest

17

Sporting

Suspended from Olympic Games in 1964
FIFA suspends football association of South Africa in 1961

18

Defence Budget

rises from 44 to 255 million from 1961-66

19

ANC and ZAPU

alliance with ZAPU fighting white supremacy in Rhodesia 1967

20

Wankie Campaign

1967 - 50 MKs including Chris Hani attempt to route through Zimbabwe to SA but are destroyed by Rhodesian government

21

first self-government bantustan

Transkei - 1968

22

SASO created

1969 - University Strikes begin year after

23

Stop the Seventy Tour - dates and details

1969 - campaign to stop the SA rugby tour of Britain, hotel pickets, pitch invasions, tour was cancelled and SA expelled from international cricked

24

how did Botha increase security

State Security Council created in 1971 - Army generals and police chiefs to oversee security