Topics 20-21 (brain chemistry) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Topics 20-21 (brain chemistry) Deck (14):

What is the difference between Clinical neuroscience and Psychiatry?

Clinical neuroscience looks at the disorders of the nervous system.
Psychiatry looks at the disorders of the mind.


What is Chemical imbalance (in the brain)?

impairment in the brain’s neurotransmitter system that can be linked to mood disorders


How can we explain the concept "Sedentary lifestyle"?

our bodies spend most of the time sitting


What is the definition of Neurotransmitters?
Also, give 3 examples.

the chemicals which allow the transmission of signals from one neuron to the next across synapses. Examples: dopamine, glutamine and serotonin


What is the definition of Clinical trials?

experiments or observations done in clinical research


What is the definition of Clinical depression?

a mental disorder characterized by at least two weeks of low mood that is present across most situations


Give 3 examples of Cognitive functions

1. memory
2. attention
3. reasoning


What are 3 benefits of exercise?

1. antidepressant
2. enhanced cognitive function
3. encourages growth of new brain cells


List 5 side-effects of Psychiatric drugs

1. weight loss
2. weigh gain
3. sedation
4. emotional blunting
5. loss of libido


Sunlight deprivation may cause

1. seasonal affective disorder
2. decrease in serotonin-based signaling


Physical inactivity takes a toll on our

1. hearts => cardiovascular disease
2. brains => depression


Give 3 treatment options for depression

1. Medication (psychiatric drugs)
2. Exposure to simulated sunlight
3. Exercise (brisk walking)


Describe 3 methods to prevent depression

1. Exercise (brisk walking) => less sitting
2. Healthy diet => less sugar
3. Sociable (face time with loved ones) => less rumination


How much sugar does an average American consume a day?

22 teaspoons of sugar per day