Topics 20-21 (brain chemistry) Flashcards Preview

IUHW cards for Medicine > Topics 20-21 (brain chemistry) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Topics 20-21 (brain chemistry) Deck (14):
1

What is the difference between Clinical neuroscience and Psychiatry?

Clinical neuroscience looks at the disorders of the nervous system.
Psychiatry looks at the disorders of the mind.

2

What is Chemical imbalance (in the brain)?

impairment in the brain’s neurotransmitter system that can be linked to mood disorders

3

How can we explain the concept "Sedentary lifestyle"?

our bodies spend most of the time sitting

4

What is the definition of Neurotransmitters?
Also, give 3 examples.

the chemicals which allow the transmission of signals from one neuron to the next across synapses. Examples: dopamine, glutamine and serotonin

5

What is the definition of Clinical trials?

experiments or observations done in clinical research

6

What is the definition of Clinical depression?

a mental disorder characterized by at least two weeks of low mood that is present across most situations

7

Give 3 examples of Cognitive functions

1. memory
2. attention
3. reasoning

8

What are 3 benefits of exercise?

1. antidepressant
2. enhanced cognitive function
3. encourages growth of new brain cells

9

List 5 side-effects of Psychiatric drugs

1. weight loss
2. weigh gain
3. sedation
4. emotional blunting
5. loss of libido

10

Sunlight deprivation may cause
(two)

1. seasonal affective disorder
2. decrease in serotonin-based signaling

11

Physical inactivity takes a toll on our
(two)

1. hearts => cardiovascular disease
2. brains => depression

12

Give 3 treatment options for depression

1. Medication (psychiatric drugs)
2. Exposure to simulated sunlight
3. Exercise (brisk walking)

13

Describe 3 methods to prevent depression

1. Exercise (brisk walking) => less sitting
2. Healthy diet => less sugar
3. Sociable (face time with loved ones) => less rumination

14

How much sugar does an average American consume a day?

22 teaspoons of sugar per day