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Flashcards in Toxins Deck (18)
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1

Hemlock

-Crooked Calf syndrome
*Spring time*

2

Lupine

-Teratogenic
-limb deformities
-cleft palate

3

Locoweed

-neuro signs
-abortions
-hydrops
-arthrogryposis
*most common cause of economic loss*

4

Broomweed/snakeweed

-abortions
-retained placenta
*spring*

5

Fescue

“Summer slump”
-infertility

6

Johnson’s Grass/ Sudan grass

*Nitrates*
(Also includes oats, wheat, corn)

-methamoglobinemia
-abortions

-test ocular fluid

7

Pyrmethrins

-infertility

8

Moldy Sweet clover

-inhibits vit K➡️ coagulopathy

9

Tansy Ragwart

Pyrrolizidine alkaloid—>liver dz

10

Lankspur

Salivation, mm fasciculations, staggering, death

11

St. Johns wart

Contains hypericin—>photosensativity

12

Nightshade

Contains atropine= CNS signs

13

Perilla (mint)

-Pneumotoxin
-atypical pneumonia

14

Ponderosa Pine

-Abortions
-retained placenta

15

Black Maple (acer rubrum)

-icterus
-hemolysis

16

Oak/acorns
(Quercus)

-D+
-colic

17

Black walnut
(Juglans nigra)

Laminitis

18

Yellow star thistle
(Centaurea solstitialis)

Nigropallidal encephalomalacia