Traumatic Diseases Flashcards Preview

Elysse NPTE NM > Traumatic Diseases > Flashcards

Flashcards in Traumatic Diseases Deck (17):
1

Primary brain damage occurs from which 4 types of TBI?

diffuse axonal injury, focal injury, coup=contracoup, closed or open

2

Secondary brain damage occurs from which 3 types of TBI?

hypoxic-ischemic, swelling, or concussion

3

4 spinal levels of greatest frequency of SCI

C5, C7, T12, L1

4

ASIA A

Complete
Nothing below level, nothing to sacral segments S4-5

5

ASIA B

Incomplete
Sensory only present below level

6

ASIA C

Incomplete
Motor and Sensory present below level.
Motor grade less than 3.

7

ASIA D

Incomplete
Motor and Sensory present below level.
Motor grade more than 3.

8

ASIA E

Normal motor and sensory function.

9

Central Cord Syndrome

Damage to: medial tracts
Loss of: bilateral UE CST, bilateral STT. Preserved DCML.
Typical cause: hyperextension of cervical spine

10

Brown-Sequard Syndrome

Damage to: one half of the spinal cord
Loss of: contralateral STT (bilateral loss at level), ipsilateral DCML and CST.
Typical cause: gunshot or knife wound.

11

Anterior Cord Syndrome

Damage to: anterior half of spinal cord
Loss of: bilateral CST, bilateral STT, preserved DCML.

12

Posterior Cord Syndrom

Damage to: posterior half of spinal cord
Loss of: bilateral DCML, preserved CST and STT.

13

Cauda Equina

LMN injury
Damage to: long nerve roots at or below L1.
Flaccid paralysis with no spinal reflex, no bowers and bladder.

14

SCI at what level will impact breathing?

C3-5 (diaphragm)

15

Spinal Shock

Transient period of reflex depression and flaccidity. Lasts hours up to 24 weeks

16

Autonomic dysreflexia

emergency situation
noxious stimulus causes autonomic reflex with HTN, bradycardia, HA, diaphoresis, flushing, diplopia, convulsions.

Find irritating stimuli, treat as emergency, raise head, empty catheter

17

Heterotopic bone formation

abnormal bone growth in soft tissues