tropical storms Flashcards

1
Q

where are tropical storms located

A

near the equator
found between 5-30 degrees north or south of the equator

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2
Q

where are tropical storms formed

A

in oceans when the water temperature is 27*

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3
Q

what is the place the tropical storm originates called?

A

source

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4
Q

what is the journey it goes on called

A

track

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5
Q

what is the coriolis effect

A

the spin of the earth

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6
Q

what is the cloud that forms called

A

cumulonimbus cloud

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7
Q

describe the process of the formation of tropical storms

A
  • form when the sea reaches 27*C
  • rapid evaporation takes place, air rises and releases latent heat

-as the air rises it cools and condenses into cumulonimbus clouds

-the air spirals due to the coriolis force

  • air spreads out, sinks, and is drawn back into the storm
  • this creates low pressure and a storm surge
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8
Q

response to cyclone Pam

A

military aircrafts arrive 4 days later bringing clean water & food

emergency shelters

emergency aid flown to port vila

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9
Q

causes of cyclone Pam

A

vanuala’s president says climate change contributes

sea levels rising

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10
Q

what was cyclone Pam like

A

winds nearing 200mph

worst cyclone ever recorded

took down powerlines & uprooted trees

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11
Q

social impacts of cyclone Pam

A

24 ppl killed with thousands homeless

up to 90%of housing in the capital city damaged (90,000 people)

3000 people fled

half the population affected

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12
Q

economic impacts of cyclone Pam

A

lots of work for builders

damaged hospitals

damaged schools affecting over 35,000 pupils

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13
Q

environmental impacts of cyclone pam

A

uprooted trees

crops flattened by the wind

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14
Q

how many people received safe drinking water

A

21,000 people

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15
Q

how many repairs were made to water supply systems

A

26,000

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16
Q

how many temporary schools were created

A

153

17
Q

how many blankets were given out

A

92,500 blankets

18
Q

how many foreign medical teams offered support

A

20

19
Q

how many people recieved medical care

A

95,000

20
Q

how many children were vaccinated against measles

A

19,000

21
Q

what is a jet stream

A

a strong wind that circulates earth

22
Q

what year did the tropical storm hit the island of vanuatu

A

2015

23
Q

what is the capital city of vanuatu

A

port vila

24
Q

what is a heatwave

A

an extended period of hot weather relative to the expected conditions at that time of year

25
Q

what is a drought

A

a lack of precipitation in an area for a long period of time often several months or years

26
Q

where are droughts located

A

around the tropic of cancer and the tropic of capricorn

27
Q

low pressure is when

A
28
Q

tropical storms in the northern hemisphere occur between?

A
29
Q

tropical storms in the southern hemisphere occur between?

A
30
Q

tropical storms are also known as hurricanes, typhoons and cyclones (true or false)

A
31
Q

cyclones form when the sea temperature is

A
32
Q

towering clouds and torrential rain is formed when

A
33
Q

cyclone pam hit the island chain of _______ in ________

it was a category________ cyclone

A
34
Q
A