Tulving (1972): Episodic and Semantic memory theory Evaluation Flashcards Preview

Psychology - Cognitive > Tulving (1972): Episodic and Semantic memory theory Evaluation > Flashcards

Flashcards in Tulving (1972): Episodic and Semantic memory theory Evaluation Deck (3):
1

Supporting study: Vargha-Khadem et al. (1997)

Studies patients with bilateral hippocampus damage at an early age, before developing semantic memories

Both had poor episodic memories but factual (semantic) knowledge was normal

The idea that semantic and episodic memories come fro different parts of the brain

2

Supporting study: Baddeley (1966)

Memory tests with semantically and acoustically similar and dissimilar words

Concluded that
> STM stores information according to sound rather than meaning
> LTM stores information semantically

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Criticisms

SS - lab experiment - lacks ecological validity