The Multi-Store Model of Memory (Atkinson & Shiffrin, 1986) Flashcards Preview

Psychology - Cognitive > The Multi-Store Model of Memory (Atkinson & Shiffrin, 1986) > Flashcards

Flashcards in The Multi-Store Model of Memory (Atkinson & Shiffrin, 1986) Deck (24):
1

What happens at the sensory register?

information comes in but is lost if not paid attention to

2

How does information move from the sensory register to short term memory?

by being paid attention to

3

What must be done for information to stay in short term memory?

maintenance rehearsal

4

How might information be lost at short term memory?

if it is not rehearsed

5

What must happen in order to move information from short term to long term memory?

elaborate rehearsal

6

Applications (4)

- advice to students
- knowledge for psychologists
- people with memory loss
- people who struggle to remember information

7

What is trace decay and where does it take place?

trace decay can occur in long term memory whereby memories decay over time

8

Sensory register: encoding

modality specific (from senses)

9

Short term: encoding

does not depend on the input

10

Long term: encoding

depends on rehearsal process and pre-existing knowledge

11

Sensory register: storage duration

a few hundred milliseconds until paid attention to

12

Short term: storage duration

15-30 seconds

13

Long term: storage duration

potentially a lifetime

14

Short term: storage capacity

5-8 items of information (7+/-2)

15

Long term: storage capacity

potentially infinite

16

Sensory register: forgetting

information is forgotten unless paid attention to

17

Short term: forgetting

only if rehearsal doesn't occur

18

Short term: retrieval

rapid scan of stored information (rehearsal required to maintain information in this store)

19

Long term: retrieval

linked to sensory modalities

20

Evaluation: supporting study

Glanzer & Cunitz (1966) - primary effect (LTM) and recency effect (STM)

21

Evaluation: criticism

Good - lab conditions means high reliability

Bad - lab conditions means low ecological validity

22

Evaluation: opposing studies

Clive Wearing - impaired STM, can't transfer information to LTM - memory is more complex than described in MSM

23

Evaluation: different theories

Baddeley & Hitch (1974) working memory model - builds on the short term memory information provided in MSM

24

Evaluation: applications

advice to students - rehearsal of information helps to move it to LTM, which has a duration of potentially a lifetime