Types Of LTM Flashcards Preview

AQA Memory Psychology (AS) > Types Of LTM > Flashcards

Flashcards in Types Of LTM Deck (7)
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1

Episodic memory

Stores events.

They're complex - time stamped, involve several elements and must make a conscious effort to recall them.

2

Semantic memory

Stores knowledge.

Less personal, more about knowledge we all share.

3

Procedural memory

Stores actions / skills.

Recall occurs without awareness.

4

STRENGTH: case study evidence.

HM and clive wearing both had amnesia. Had difficulty recalling events but their semantic memory was unaffected. Different stores in LTM.

5

STRENGTH: application to improvement of memory.

Belleville (2006) found episodic memory can be improved with training. Aids development of treatments.

6

LIMITATION: case study issues

Lack control of variables, such as personality variables and location of damage.
Unusual sample difficult to generalize.

7

LIMITATION: only 2 types of LTM

Cohen and squire (1980) argued episodic and semantic stored together as declarative memory.