Types of Ventilators Flashcards Preview

Critical Care Med Surg > Types of Ventilators > Flashcards

Flashcards in Types of Ventilators Deck (12)
Loading flashcards...
1

Assist-Control Ventilation (ACV)

Ventilator delivers a preset Vt at preset frequency
Gives patient some control in breathing while assisting them

2

Synchronized Intermittent Mandatory Ventilation (SIMV)

Delivers preset Vt at preset frequency with synchronization of patient's spontaneous breathing.
Patient can breathe spontaneously
Used for weaning and continuous ventilation.

3

Pressured Support Ventilation (PSV)

Delivers positive pressure once patient starts to breathe (inspiration).
Used for continuous ventilation and weaning

4

Pressure Controlled Ventilation (PCV)

gives pressure-limited breath delivered at set rate.
It allows for spontaneous breathing

5

Pressure Control Inverse Ratio Ventilation (PC-IRV)

Combines PCV with Inspiration/Expiration (I/E) Ratio
Most starts with a 1/1 ratio and changes with each client. It allows for increase in inspiratory time to expand collapse alveoli.
Used for ARDS and continuous hypoxemia

6

Airway Pressure Release Ventilation (APRV)

Patient can breathe any time during respiratory cycle but need the help of a CPAP to maintain appropriate amount of high pressure for a short time.
CPAP and time needs to be patient-specific

7

Positive End Expiratory Pressure (PEEP)

Positive pressure is applied during the expiration phase.
It increases lung volume, functional residual capacity (FRC) and oxygenation of the lungs.
FIO2 can be reduced
Pressure falls between 3-20 cm H2O.

8

Automatic Tube Compensation (ATC)

Support system designed to overcome WOB through artificial airway.
Increases inspiration and decreases expiration

9

High-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV)

Gives small Vt at rapid RR.
Recruit and maintain lung volume and reduce intrapulmonary shunting.
Patients needs to be sedated and paralyzed.

10

Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO)

Alternative form of pulmonary support for patient with severe respiratory failure.
Removes blood from patient, infuse O2, remove waste and put the blood back to patient
Requires systemic anticoagulation and time-limited intervention
Needs a specialists

11

What is the mechanism for negative pressure ventilation?

The ventilator pulls the chest wall outwards and reduces intrathoracic pressure. It allows for passive expiration.

12

What is the mechanism for positive pressure ventilation (PPV)?

It utilizes volume ventilation (Vt) and pressure ventilation.
Ventilator pushes air into lungs during inspiration. and raises intrathoracic pressure.