Typical Thoracic Vertebra T2-T8 Flashcards Preview

Spinal Anatomy Exam 2 > Typical Thoracic Vertebra T2-T8 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Typical Thoracic Vertebra T2-T8 Deck (42):
1

What is there name given to the left side appearance of the vertebral body of T5-T8?

the aortic impression

2

What part of the vertebral body is most influenced by the aorta at T5-T8?

the left side superior and inferior epiphyseal rims

3

What is the height pattern of the typical thoracic vertebral body?

the posterior height is greater than the anterior height by 1-2mm

4

What is the principal cause of the posterior curve of the thoracic spine?

the vertebral body height differences

5

In terms of the anterior posterior curves of the vertebral column, what direction will the thoracic spine face?

posterior

6

What is another way of aiming a posterior curve pattern?

a kyphotic curve

7

What joint classifications are identified at the vertebral body of a typical thoracic?

fibrous (amphiarthorsis) syndesmosis, cartilaginous (amphiarthrosis) symphysis, and synovial plane (diarthrosis arthrodia)

8

How many synovial joints are formed at there vertebral body of a typical thoracic?

four

9

how many symphysis joints are formed with the vertebral body of a typical thoracic?

two

10

How many joints are formed at the vertebral body of a typical thoracic?

typically ten (fourteen if the costocentral stellate/radiate ligaments are included)

11

Which of the demo-facets on there vertebral body of a typical thoracic is larger?

the superior costal demi-facet

12

What feature will provide assistance in maintaining the stability of the intervertebral foramen in they typical thoracics?

the costocentral joint or ribs

13

What is the rib-vertebral body combination at the intervertebral foramen for the ____ nerve? Let's use T6 nerve.

The inferior costal demo-facet of T6 will joint with the superior articular surface of the head of the 7th rib.
The superior costal demo-facet of T7 will joint with the inferior articular surface of the head of the 7th rib.

14

What ligaments support the costocentral joint?

the costocentral stellate/radiate ligament and the costocentral interarticular or intra-articular ligament

15

What does the costocentral intra-articular ligament connect to?

the interarticular or intra-articular crest of the head of the rib and the intervertebral disc

16

What is the size relationship between the articulating surface of the head of the rib and the costal demi-facet surface?

the rib surface is greater than the costal demi-facet surface

17

Which muscle is attached to the vertebral body of T2-T3?

the longus colli

18

What is the angulation of the pedicle in the typical thoracic region?

10-15 degrees posterolateral from the sagittal plane

19

which X-ray view is use to see into the intervertebral foramen of a typical thoracic?

the lateral view

20

What is overlap of the lamina called in the typical thoracic?

shingling

21

What is the outline of the vertebral foramen in the typical thoracic region?

oval to circular

22

In which plane will the size of the vertebral foramen of a typical thoracic be greatest?

the transverse plane, the vertebral transverse diameter

23

What ligaments support the costotransverse joint of a typical thoracic?

the superior costotransverse, inferior costotransverse, and lateral costotransverse ligaments

24

The superior costotransverse ligament of the transverse process of T4 will attach to rib___?

5

25

The inferior costotransverse ligament of transverse process of T5 will attach to rib ___?

5

26

The lateral costotrasverse ligament of the transverse process of T5 will attach to rib ___?

5

27

Which muscles may attach to the transverse process of a typical thoracic?

longissimus thoracic, longissimus cervicis, longissimus capitis, semispinalis thoracis, semispinalis cervicis, semispinalis capitis, multifidis, rotator longus, rotator brevis, intertransversarii, levator costarum longus and levator costarum brevis

28

How do the transverse diameters of the articular processes compare in the T2-T4 region?

the superior articular process transverse diameter is greater that the inferior articular processes transverse diameter for a give segment.

29

How do the transverse diameters of the articular processes compare in the T5-T8 region?

the superior articular process transverse diameter is the same as or equal to the inferior articular process transverse diameter for a given segment

30

What is the orientation of the superior articular facet of a typical thoracic?

they face backward, upward, and lateral (BUL)

31

What is the orientation of the inferior articular facet of a typical thoracic?

they face forward, downward, and medial (ForMeD)

32

How may synovial joints are present at a typical thoracic?

10

33

How many synovial joint surfaces for ribs are present on a typical thoracic?

6

34

Identify synovial joint surfaces for ribs that are present on a typical thoracic?

two superior costal demi-facets, two inferior costal demi-facets, two transverse costal facets

35

What name is given to the region between the superior and inferior articular processes in the typical thoracics?

the pars interarticularis

36

What is the orientation of the spinous process of a typical thoracic?

they slant backward and downward

37

What is the name given to the overlap of spinous processes in the thoracic region?

imbrication

38

Imbrication will be more pronounced for what region of the thoracics?

T5-T8

39

Which thoracic has the longest spinous process?

T8

40

Which muscles may attach to the spinous process of a typical thoracic?

trapezius, latissimus dorsi, rhomboid major, serratus posterior superior, splenius cervicis, splenius capitis, spinalis capitis, semispinalis thoracis, multifidis, rotator longus, rotator brevis and interspinalis

41

Which muscles attaching to the spinous process of a typical thoracic are not included in any muscle layer of the true back?

splenius cervicis, splenius capitis and interspinalis

42

What joint classifications are present at every typical thoracic vertebra?

fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis, cartilaginous (amphiarthrosis) symphsis, and synovial plane (diarthrosis arthrodia)