Vertebral Artery Flashcards Preview

Spinal Anatomy Exam 2 > Vertebral Artery > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vertebral Artery Deck (13):

What is the gender bias regarding size of the vertebral artery?

men have larger vertebral arteries than women


What was the name of the physical exam used to determine vertebral artery pressure?

the vertebrobasilar artery insufficiency test


Which side artery was tested during the course of the vertebrobasilar artery patency?

the ipsilateral artery on the side of rotation


What are the symptoms of failure of the vertebral artery to compensate during the vertebrobasilar artery insufficiency exam?

dizziness, vertigo, nausea are common complaints


The vertebral artery is typically a branch of which artery

subclavian artery


Typically, at what vertebral level will the vertebral artery first become located in the transverse foramen?



At what location will the vertebral artery form its first compensatory loop?

the atlanto-axial interspace


At what location will there vertebral artery form its second compensatory loop?

the atlanto-occipital interspace


At what segments will the vertebral artery be firmly attached to the transverse foramen?

both C1 and C2


What is the purpose of the vertebral artery loops between C2, C1, and occiput?

the increased length will accommodate the greater rotation at these locations


What happens to there vertebral artery as it enters the vertebral foramen of C1?

the adventitia of the artery blends with the dura mater and arachnoid mater; as a result there artery lies in the subarachnoid space


What happens to there vertebral artery after it enters the subarachnoid space at C1?

there vertebral artery ascends along the medulla oblongata to the pontine-medullary junction where the right and left arteries unite to form the the basilar artery


What artery is formed by the union of the right and left vertebral arteries?

the basilar artery