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Biology Honors Semester 2 Final Exam > U3P3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in U3P3 Deck (13)
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1

heredity

passing of traits from parent to offspring

2

law of independent assortment

inheritance of one trait having no effect on the inheritance of another is known as which law

3

law of segregation

states alleles of a gene separate from each other during meiosis

4

phenotype

organisms physical appearance

5

genotype

organisms genetic material

6

translocation

when a piece of chromosome attaches to non homologous chromosome creating a mutation

7

male

displays more sex-linked characteristics, determines sex

8

what happens if a cell goes through non-disjunction

gametes with incorrect number of chromosomes

9

alleles

different forms of a particular gene

10

genotype

refers to the set of alleles an organism has inherited

11

crossing over

can allow linked genes to be separated from each other in meiosis

12

sex-influenced trait

males and females can show different phenotypes even when they have the same genotype

13

carrier

person who is heterozygous for a recessive disorder