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Flashcards in Ultrasound Lab Values Deck (27)
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1

What liver tests can be done?

A) bilirubin test (done through blood)
-(direct) only conjugated

Total bilirubin test
-both conjugated and unconjugated

2

What would indicate a person has jaundice or hemolytic anemia?

High levels of direct bilirubin

3

If levels of total bilirubin are high, what could this indicate?

Liver disease, gallstones, hepatitis

4

ALT is

Alanine Aminotransferase

Found in liver blood test

High levels indicate hepatitis, cirrhosis, liver necrosis

5

AST stands for

Aspartate aminotransferase

High levels indicate heart attack, muscle trauma, hepatitis, cirrhosis

6

ALP stands for

Alkaline Phosphate

High levels= leukemia, lymphoma, hepatitis

Low levels= protein deficiency, malnutrition

7

Creatine is tested in the blood to check ___.

Kidneys

8

What does BUN stand for and what is it used to check?

Blood Urea Nitrogen

Checks the kidneys

9

Amylase is used to check what organ of the body?

Pancreas

10

What 3 enzyme are checked when looking at the pancreas?

Amylase
Lipase
Glucose

11

“Bad cholesterol “

LDL (low density lipoprotein)

12

Cholesterol should be less than ____

200 mg/dL

13

What is “good cholesterol”?

HDL (high density lipoprotein)

14

VLDL is what?

“Very bad cholesterol”

Very low density lipoprotein

15

Where does THS come from in the body and what is it?

Comes from pituitary gland in brain

Thyroid Stimulating Hormone

-check this when checking the thyroid

16

T3 stands for

Triiodothyronine (3 i’s)=T3

Corresponds with thyroid

17

T4 is what?

Checks what in the body?

Thyroxine

Thyroid

18

What is PSA?

Prostate Specific Antigen

Check in males

19

What specific values do you check in a male patient?

PSA and estrogen

20

The most powerful hormone coming from pituitary gland?

T3

21

What is checked when looking at a female?

Estrogen

22

What values are checked when a woman is pregnant?

hCG- human chronic gonadotropin)
——used to detect pregnancy

AFP (alpha fetoprotein)
——used to screen for birth defects

23

Human chronic gonadotropin is ____

hCG

24

Name clotting factors check in the blood

1) PT (prothrombin time)
—forms normal blood clots

2) PTT (partial thromboplastin time)
—measures ability of proteins to clot

3) Hematocrit
—percentage of RBCs per volume

25

What is CBC?

Complete Blood Count

Measures hemoglobin, platelets, hematocrit, WBC, RBC

26

What is RBC?

Red blood count

27

WBC stands for?

White Blood Count

Normal: 4,500- 10,000 cells/uL