Union and its Territory Flashcards Preview

Indian Constitution > Union and its Territory > Flashcards

Flashcards in Union and its Territory Deck (36)
Loading flashcards...
1

Define Article 1

India that is Bharat shall be a Union of States

2

Why India is referred as Union and not Federation?

According to Dr. B.R.Ambedkar, two reasons are attributed:
1. India is not formed as a result of an agreement among states ( holding together and not coming together)
2. States do not have the right to secede from the federation

3

Article 1 classifies territory of India into :

1. States
2. Union territories
3. Territories that may be acquired by GoI

4

Union of India includes

only States

5

Territory of India includes

states, UTs and territories that may be acquired by GoI

6

Define Article 2

Parliament can by law 'admit into' or 'establish' new states. (New states that are not part of Union of India)

7

Article 3 deals with

Parliaments power to form new states and alteration of areas, boundary and names of existing states.

8

How can a new state be formed?

According to Article 3, Parliament by law can form a new state by
1. separation of territory from any state
2. Uniting two or more states or part of states
3. Uniting any territory to part of any state

9

Criteria for a bill implementing Article 3

1. The bill should be introduced in Parliament with the prior recommendation of the President
2. Before recommending, the President should refer tit to the state legislature of the concerned states for expressing its view within specific period
* The view of the state legislature is not binding on the President
* For Union territories, no reference to concerned legislature is required

10

Define Article 4

Laws made under Article 2 and 3 not to be considered as Constitutional amendments under Article 368. The bills can be passed like a normal bill.

11

What is the exception for Article 4?

Constitutional amendment is required if diminishing the area involves ceding the territory to a foreign state.

12

What is 9th Constitutional Amendment Act of 1960?

Transferring Berubari Union region to Pakistan

13

What is 100th Const. Amendment Act of 2015?

Transferring of enclaves between India and Bangladesh

14

Hyderabad integration to India

By Police Action on September 1948

15

Junagadh integration to India

Through Plebiscite in February 1948

16

Kashmir integration to India

by the Instrument of Accession in October 1947

17

Linguistic Provinces Commission appointed by GoI in

June 1948

18

S K Dhar Commission also known as

Linguistic Provinces Commission of 1948

19

Recommendation of S K Dhar Commission

Reorganisation of states based on administrative convenience rather than linguistic factor

20

JVP Committee appointed by

Congress in 1948

21

Members of JVP Committee

Jawaharlal Nehru, Vallabhai Patel and Pattabhi Sitaramayya

22

JVP Committee reccomendation

rejected language as the basis for state reorganisation

23

First Linguistic State formed in

October 1953, Andhra Pradesh.
* Agitation following death of Potti Sriramalu

24

Fazl Ali Commission appointed in

December 1953

25

Fazl Ali Commission is also known as

State Reorganisation Commission

26

Members of Fazl Ali Commission

Fazl Ali, H N Kunzru and K M Panikkar

27

Fazl Ali Commission reccomedations:

1. Rejected 'one language one state' theory
2. Broadly accepted language as the basis for state reorganisation
3. Unity of the country should be the primary consideration

28

State Reorganisation Act was passed in

1956

29

What is 7th Constitutional Amendment Act?

Deals with implementing the recommendations of the State Reorganisation Commission.

30

State Reorganisation Act created how many states and UTs?

14 states and 6 UTs