Unionism And Cooperation Flashcards Preview

History: Britain c1785-1870 > Unionism And Cooperation > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unionism And Cooperation Deck (49)
Loading flashcards...
1

When were the Rochdale Pioneers established?

1844

2

When was the Trade Union act get passed?

1871

3

When did Robert Owen take over at New Lanark?

1799

4

When was the Co-operator Newspaper Published?

1827

5

How many trade societies did the Chartists represent?

70 trade societies in 1838

6

What four factors were reasons for the growth in trade unions?

• The Factory System
Like minded workers collected in one area

• Government Policies
Laissez Faire and The combination act (1799) banned trade unions

• Protection For Workers
Between 1750-1850 britain's population grew from 6 million to 17 million.
Workers became replaceable

• The French Revolution
Rising food prices and national debt

7

What was a strike fund?

Money set aside by a union to cover the lack of wages during a strike

8

How long did the 1818 strike last? Why did it end?

• Four Months

• Five members were arrested

9

When were the combination acts repealed?

1824

10

How many members did the Grand National Consolidated Trades Union have?

Had over one million members before 1834

11

How many members of the 'Grand National' union paid the fees?

16,000 of the One million members.
Not enough for large scale strikes

12

What did employers use to prevent unions?

'The Document' in which employees had to sign, renouncing their commitment to any unions

13

When the Mill Workers in Derby failed to leave their union what happened?

In 1834, 1500 mill workers were locked out of their workplace until they left the 'Grand National' Union

14

What was New Model Unionism?

Set up to protect skilled workers.
Passive and used diplomacy, strikes were a last resort

15

When did New Model Unionism emerge?

1850

16

What was the ASE and when was it set up?

The Amalgamated Society of Engineers in 1851

17

What was the aim of the Amalgamated Society of Engineers?

Support for skilled workers

18

How many members did the Amalgamated Society Of Engineers have?

12,000, made up of workers around the country

19

What was an advantage of the Amalgamated Society Of Engineers?

Their skilled members were often well paid. Generating the ASE income.

In 1852, they had £12,000 p.a

20

What was ASE's contribution to the London Builder's Strike in 1859-60?

• Gave three donations of £1000, enabling them to hold out for 6 months
• Forcing a compromise with their employers

21

What is a limitation of early trade societies?

Too local, looked after their own industry only

22

What was a knobstick?

Someone who undermined a strike, through working.
Commonly irish

23

By 1832, how many cooperatives were there?

500

24

What were the three levels of a worker in the 1700s

Apprentice, Journeryman and Master

25

Who was the Leader of the Amalgamated Society of Engineers?

William Allan

26

What did the Friendly Societies do?

Supplied welfare to workers

1/3 of the population had this insurance

27

How much did Britain's population increase from 1750-1850

6 Million - 17 Million

28

During which years did Robert Owen run New Lanark?

1799-1828

29

When were the Tolpuddle Martyrs arrester? And what was their crime?

1834 and swearing an oath to try and improve their wages

30

How long was the working day in New Lanark?

12 Hours