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History: Britain c1785-1870 > Slavery > Flashcards

Flashcards in Slavery Deck (44)
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1

How many slaves died on the Zong?

60 died after three months.
And another 133 Were thrown overboard

2

What was the Zong Case?

In 1783, Captain Collingwood was trialled for the death of Slaves on his ship. However they were viewed as cargo not as murder victims.

3

When did Wilberforce annually introduce an abolition bill to parliament

1791-1799

4

When were the slave riots?

Saint Domingue (1791)

Grenada, St Vincent and St Lucia (1795)

Jamaica (1795)

5

How many people were killed in the Saint Domingue uprising?

12,000 people and 1000 plantations were burned

6

Why was Saint Domingue Important?

It was twice the size of the largest British colony

It also produced 30% of the world's sugar and half the world's coffee

7

How did the Saint Domingue uprising end?

1793 The British soldiers took it for themselves (it had been french)

8

How many sailors died on British Naval or Transport ships during the slave uprisings

19,000 sailors

9

How much did Britain spend fighting the Jamaican uprising?

£500,000, in addition to numerous casualties

10

How many fought in the retaking of Saint Lucia (1803)?

12,000 British Troops vs 2000 Slaves

11

When was the American War of Independence?

1783

12

What did the Dolben Act do?

Restricted number of slaves per ship. This was renewed annually until 1799

13

When was slavery abolished in France?

1784, but the slave trade was reintroduced in 1802 by Napoleon.

14

When was the Slave Trade Abolished in Britain?

1807

15

How many petitions were presented to parliament in 1792?

519 petitions

16

Why was Wilberforce Significant?

He was an Mp and close with William Pitt (Prime Minister in 1804-1806) and William Grenville (1806-1807)

17

How many Ships did Thomas Clarkson visit in 1790?

317 ships and spoke to over 3,000 sailors

18

How many copies of Clarkson's 1786 essay did the Quakers publish?

10,000 of "Essay on the Slavery and Commerce of the Human Species" was written in Latin

19

When was Olaudah Equiano's Autobiography published?

1789, self published
"The interesting narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano"

20

When Was The French Revolution?

1789

21

When was the sugar boycott?

1791-94

22

How many people aided in the sugar boycott?

300,000 people
Including Thomas Clarkson

23

What did female anti-slavery associations do?

Handed out pamphlets and went door to door.

24

Where was the biggest slave trade post in europe?

Liverpool

25

How many slave voyages took place in the 18th Century?

35,000

26

By the end of the 1700s how much did slave trade profits amount to?

Increased from £1 million per year to £3 million per year

27

What was Adam Smith's economic theory?

Laissez Faire, that happy workers work harder. Slaves would actively avoid work. Slave owners also had to pay for enforcement tools.

28

What did Thomas Clarkson do for the abolition groups?

Founded 12,000 branches of the "Society for Effecting the Abolition of The Slave Trade"

29

How many miles did Thomas Clarkson travel collecting evidence and performing lectures?

35,000 miles

30

What percentage of british seamen died on each voyage?

20%