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Flashcards in Unit 1 & 2 Deck (75)
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1

Every cell needs

Glucose, oxygen, waste removal, essential amino acids

2

Front limb surface above carpus/tarsus called

Cranial

3

Back limb surface above carpus/tarsus called

Caudal

4

Front/top surface of limb below carpus/tarsus

Dorsal

5

Back surface of front limb below carpus

Palmar

6

Back surface of hind limb below tarsus

Plantar

7

Define anatomy

Form/structure

8

Physiology

Functions of body & its parts

9

Dorsal body cavity split into

Spinal & cranial cavities

10

Ventral body cavity split into

Thoracic & abdominal cavities

11

Thoracic cavity contains

Heart, lungs, major vessels, esophagus, lymph nodes

12

Membrane lining thoracic cavity

Pleura

13

Abdominal cavity contains

Stomach, intestines, liver, spleen, kidneys, bladder, reproductive organs

14

Membrane lining abdominal cavity

Peritoneum

15

Define health

State of normal A & P

16

Define homeostasis

Maintenance of dynamic equilibrium in the body

17

Basic function of epithelial tissue

Cover body surfaces, line body cavities, protection, absorption, form glands

18

Basic function of connective tissue

Holds body together, gives support, storage of nutrients/minerals, electrolytes, transport, defense, repair

19

Basic function of muscle tissue

Moves body inside & out

20

Basic function of nervous tissue

Transmits info throughout body & controls body function

21

Examples of epithelial functions & where its located

Protect (skin), filter substances (kidney), absorbs (GI tract), manufactures secretions & excretions (glands), provides sensory input (skin: pain, pressure, touch)

22

3 general characteristics of epithelial tissue

Avascular, innervated, & basement membrane

23

Function of basement membrane

Connects epithelial to underling connective

24

Epithelial cells have a specific top & bottom, meaning they are

Polar (apical & basal surface)

25

Where might you find microvilli, which increase surface area?

GI tract, respiratory tract

26

Where might you find cilia, which move in coordinated beats?

Respiratory tract, female reproductive tract

27

Keratin is a type of what?

Protein

28

Function of glandular epithelium

Makes & discharges secretions

29

Simple squamous epithelium found where?

Lines alveoli in lungs

30

Simple columnar epithelium found where?

GI tract (absorption)