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Flashcards in Unit 11 Deck (80)
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1

enteric refers to

stomach

2

gastro refers to

liver

3

hepatic/hepato refers to

tongue

4

Five jobs the digestive system performs in order to break down foodstuffs to absorbable nutrients

Prehension, mastication, chemical digestion, absorption, elimination

5

What is the GI tract

Hollow tube from mouth to rectum

6

What is the lumen

Hollow inside of the GI tract

7

Walls of GI tract consist of what

Layers of epithelial, connective, skeletal, & smooth muscle

8

What is the serosa

Thin, tough outer covering of lumen

9

Order of primary digestive tract

Mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum, anus

10

Type of digestion in oral cavity

Mechanical & chemical

11

Saliva has what and provides what

Enzymes, lubrication

12

Name the 3 salivary glands

Parotid, mandibular, lingual

13

Upper jaw bone

Maxilla

14

Lower jaw bone

Mandible

15

Describe carnivore teeth

Pointed, used to shred & tear meat

16

Describe herbivore teeth

Mostly flat, grinds plant material

17

Carnassial teeth in dogs, largest teeth used for shredding & tearing

Upper PM4 and lower M1, 3 roots so difficult to extract

18

Instead of upper incisors or canine teeth, what do ruminants have

Dental pad

19

Premolars and molars of a horse are called what

Cheek teeth

20

Procedure done to smooth sharp edges of equine teeth

Floating

21

Stratified epithelium located where

Mouth, pharynx, esophagus, anus

22

Simple squamous epithelium

Monogastric stomach, small & large intestine, rectum

23

Function of cardiac sphincter

Prevents food & acid from going back up into esophagus

24

Esophagus has what muscle

Smooth involuntary

25

What moves the food bolus through the stomach

Peristalsis

26

Animals with a monogastric stomach

Dogs, cats, horses, pigs, humans

27

Main features of monogastric stomach

Rugae, highly acidic, "C" shaped (greater & lesser curvature)

28

5 regions of monogastric stomach

Cardia, fundus, body, pyloric antrum, pylorus

29

Produces mucus

Cardia

30

Function of mucus in stomach

Protects stomach walls from the acid, lubricates food that comes into stomach