Unit 1, Emphasis with Inversion, p 13 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 1, Emphasis with Inversion, p 13 Deck (30)
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1

known and admired by a lot of people, especially for a special skill, achievement, or quality [= famous]


re‧nowned

renowned for
an island renowned for its beauty

renowned as
He's renowned as a brilliant speaker.

renowned author/actor/photographer etc
a world renowned expert in the field

2

___ ______ phrasal verb
1 ___ ______ (something)
to go or travel to different places

2 if news or information ___s ______, it is told to a lot of people

3 ___ ______ something
to avoid something that is difficult or causes problems for you

get around phrasal verb

1 get around (something)

We had to use public transport to get around.
It's quite easy to get around London.

2 News of the accident soon got around.
Word got around that the department might be closed.

3 I think we should be able to get around most of these problems.

3

[noun countable] a large low boat with a flat bottom, used for carrying goods on a canal or river

a barge

4

someone who enjoys going to parties and drinking a lot of alcohol, and behaving in a loud and often rude way

party animal [countable] informal

5

1 to talk too proudly about your abilities, achievements, or possessions

2 [transitive not in progressive] if a place, object, or organization ____s something, it has something that is very good

хвалитися

to boast verb

1 [intransitive and transitive]

'I wouldn't be afraid,' she boasted.

boast that
Amy boasted that her son was a genius.

boast about
He's boasting about how much money he has made.

boast of
The company is inclined to boast of its success.

2 The city boasts two excellent museums.
The Society boasts 3000 members worldwide.
—boaster noun [countable]

6

to naturally have a good feature or quality

наділений

be endowed with something

She was endowed with good looks.

7

1 to start a company, organization, system, etc that is intended (maty namir) to exist or continue for a long time [= found]

засновувати

to es‧tab‧lish [transitive]

The city of Boerne was established by German settlers in the 1840s.
Our goal is to establish a new research centre in the North.

8

2 to recognize something or discover exactly what it is, what its nature or origin is etc

ідентифікувати
визначати

to identify

Scientists have identified the gene that causes abnormal growth.
They identified a number of problem areas.

9

1 [usually plural] the things that a company owns, that can be sold to pay debts /det / - borhy

2 [usually singular] something or someone that is useful because they help you succeed or deal with problems [≠ liability]

майно
cinna yakist
perevaha
aktyv

as‧set [countable]

1 in assets
a corporation with $9 billion in assets
the value of a company's assets

2 A sense of humor is a great asset in this business.

be an asset to somebody/something
I think Rachel would be an asset to the department.

10

2 tell people something [intransitive and transitive]
to express your thoughts and feelings clearly, so that other people understand them

peredavaty
povidomlyaty

to communicate sth to sb

A baby communicates its needs by crying.

communicate something to somebody
Without meaning to, she communicated her anxiety to her child.

His enthusiasm communicated itself to the voters.

A teacher must be able to communicate effectivelyto students.

11

ні за яких умов

under no circumstances

12

1 [transitive usually passive]
if you are _______ed to do something, you have to do it because the situation, the law, a duty etc makes it necessary

zobovyazaty
zabovyazanyy

to o‧blige formal

1 [transitive usually passive]
The minister was obliged to report at least once every six months.
Circumstances (обставини) had obliged him to sell the business.

feel obliged to do something (=feel that you have a duty to do something)
Many parents feel obliged to pay for at least part of the wedding.

! Do not use oblige when you are talking about making someone do something they do not want to do. Use force or make: No one can force (NOT oblige) you to stay in a job that you hate.

13

енергоефективниy

energy-efficient / ɪfɪʃ ə nt / adjective

14

ледь

scarce‧ly / skeəsli $ sker- / adverb

15

yak tilky

no sooner than

16

ніколи

at no time

17

Emphasis with inversion

We can put certain restrictive words or phrases at the beginning of the sentence for emphasis. These words and phrases are:

under no circumstances
at no time
not until
hardly
no sooner ... than
seldom
rarely
little
never before
only
not only

When we use these words at the beginning of a sentence, there is inversion of the subject and auxiliary verb:

Under no circumstances should visitors be led to believe a city can promise something it cannot deliver.

(Visitors shouldn't be let to believe a city can promise something it cannot deliver.

+ under no circumstances)

18

You shouldn't let her go.

(under no circumstances)

Under no circumstances should you let her go.

19

She wouldn't consider any other possibility.

+ at no time

At no time would she consider any other possibility.

20

I didn't realise the danger I'd been in until the end.

+ not until the end

Not until the end did I realise the danger I'd been in.

21

I had hardly put the phone down when it rand again.

+ Hardly

Hardly had I put the phone down when it rang again.

22

I had put the phone down when it rang again.

(+ no sooner ... than)

No sooner had I put the phone down than it rang again.

23

I have seldom read such an excellent piece of work.

+ seldom

Seldom have I read such an excellent piece of work.

24

You will rarely see such a gifted performer.

+ rarely

Rarely will you see such a gifted performer.

25

I didn't know that he planned to resign that day.

+ little

Little did I know that he planned to resign that day.

26

The city has never looked so magnificent before.

+ never before

Never before has the city looked so magnificent.

27

I realised how unhappy she had been.

+ only then

Only then did I realise how unhappy she had been.

28

You have missed a week's classes and you have failed to hand in any work.

+ not only ... but

Not only have you missed a week's classes, but you have also failed to hand in any work.

29

енергоефективниy

energy-efficient / ɪfɪʃ ə nt /

30

рідко

seldom