Useful language. Essay Flashcards Preview

CAE Gold Plus 2015 > Useful language. Essay > Flashcards

Flashcards in Useful language. Essay Deck (24)
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1

Introducing the topic ( 3 phrases)

1) It is often claimed that...

people today read less than they did in the past.

2) Many people contend that ..

climate change is the most serious problem we face.

3) We often hear that ...

a greater effort should be made to create jobs for young people.

2

1 [ intransitive ] to compete against someone in order to gain something

2 [ transitive ] to argue or state that something is true SYN insist


боротися
сперечатися

con‧tend / kəntend / verb

1) contend for

Three armed groups are contending for power.

2) contend (that)

Some astronomers contend that the universe may be younger than previously thought.

3

Linking ideas (4 phrases)

1) While it is true that...

young people make extensive use of mobile phone technology,


it is not the case that

this has made them less literate than their parents.

2) Not only .....

do people eat far more than they need to

but they also...

throw away a horrifying amount of perfectly good food every day.

3) That may well be so but, surely,...

people throw away food because they are simply unaware of the dreadful moral and economic cost of such a practice, both for themselves and for others.

4) In fact,...

there is a growing demand for greater controls on food advertising.

4

це не той випадок,

it is not the case that

5

грамотний

lit‧e‧rate / lɪt ə rət, lɪt ə rɪt / adjective OPP illiterate

1 able to read and write OPP illiterate

2 computer literate/musically literate etc

able to use computers, understand and play music etc

3 well educated

6

бути в курсі

to be aware of something

7

не знають про

to be unaware of something

8

жахливий

dreadful

9

попит на щось

( a growing) demand for something

10

Giving opinions (3 phrases)

1) I can honestly say that...

I would wholeheartedly support such a plan.

2) In my view,...

the first of these approaches is likely to prove the more successful.

3) As I see it,...

no one solution can be applied to such a complex issue.

11

Concluding ( 2 phrases)

1) On balance,...

I believe that the best solution is to reduce spending on new building projects.

в підсумку

2) Taking everything into consideration, there are many good arguments for....

providing young women with grants to continue their education.

12

беручи до уваги

taking something into consideration,

13

Essay ( 7 points)

1) It usually has 4 paragraphs.

2) State the problem at the beginning of your essay.

3) Don't express your own opinion at the beginning of your essay. Develop your essay in such a way that it guides the reader to the conclusion you draw.

4) Maintain a balanced view. Don't be too categorical.

5) Use rhetorical questions to involve the reader but don't overdo it.

6) Use a relatively formal register and an objective tone. Don't be too emotional.

7) Give your opinion in the final paragraph.

14

байдужість

indifference to sth

15

сфера
rozmakh
mozhlyvist

a scope

16

привести до стану готовності
попередти про небезпеку

to alert somebody to sth

17

наліплювати ярлик

to label

18

запевняти

to assure somebody

19

співвідношення ціни та якості

value for money

20

йдуть noha v nohu

to go hand in hand

21

підвищувати усвідомлення

to raise /reiz/ awareness

22

на додачу

into the bargain

bar‧gain / bɑɡən, bɑɡɪn $ bɑr- / noun [ countable ]

1 something you buy cheaply or for less than its usual price :
There are no bargains in the clothes shops at the moment.
It’s an attractive little home, and I think it’s a bargain .
That second-hand table was a real bargain .
Good watches don't come at bargain prices .
Bargain hunters (= people looking for things to buy at low prices ) queued outside the store for hours.

23

спокуса

temptation to do sth

24

1 a piece of equipment used for climbing up to or down from high places. A l_______r has two bars that are connected by rungs (= short bars that you use as steps )

драбина

a lad‧der / lædə $ -ər / noun [ countable ]

She climbed up the ladder .
He hurt himself falling off a ladder .