Unit 1 Multiple Choice Section Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 1 Multiple Choice Section Deck (53)
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1
Q

Which of the following is a physical characteristic of later adulthood?

  • Menopause
  • Decline in hearing
  • Learning to walk
  • Puberty
A

Decline in hearing

2
Q

Which type of relationship is most important during adolescence?

  • Friends
  • Family
  • Working
  • Intimate & sexual
A

Friends

3
Q

The definition of self-concept is?

  • The ability to develop skills
  • A combination of self-esteem and self-image
  • How much regard you have for yourself
  • How much self-confidence you have
A

A combination of self-esteem & self-image

4
Q

Which TWO of the following are unexpected life events?

  • Injury at work
  • Birth of a baby
  • Redundancy
  • Menopause
A

Injury at work

Redundancy

5
Q

An example of a fine motor skill is:

  • Throwing a ball
  • Skipping
  • Drawing
  • Running
A

Drawing

6
Q

Starting school is associated with which life stage?

  • Middle adulthood
  • Early childhood
  • Adolescence
  • Puberty
A

Early childhood

7
Q

Which TWO of the following are NOT life stages?

  • Infancy
  • Childhood
  • Early adulthood
  • Adulthood
A

Childhood

Adulthood

8
Q

Which of the following is a physical factor which could affect individual growth and development?

  • Smoking
  • Income
  • Occupation
  • Housing
A

Smoking

9
Q

A peer group is:

  • where one person has more power than others
  • Individuals related by blood ties
  • Individuals who share common characteristics
  • Individuals employed to do a particular job
A

Individuals who share common characteristics

10
Q

How many life stages are there in human growth & development?

  • 4
  • 5
  • 6
  • 7
A

6

11
Q

An informal source of support for an ill person is a:

  • Doctor
  • Nurse
  • Counsellor
  • Friend
A

Friend

12
Q

Which TWO of the following are physical characteristics of adolescence in girls?

  • Menstruation
  • Menopause
  • Development of testes
  • Development of breasts
A

Menstruation

Development of breasts

13
Q

The collection of values, norms and beliefs that make a group distinct from other groups is referred to as:

  • Culture
  • Socialisation
  • Customs
  • Behaviours
A

Culture

14
Q

When a person is attracted to someone of the same or opposite sex this is known as their:

  • gender
  • Sexual orientation
  • Culture
  • Social Class
A

Sexual Orientation

15
Q

An environmental factor which may affect human growth & development is:

  • Taking drugs
  • Drinking alcohol
  • Obesity
  • Pollution
A

Pollution

16
Q

What G refers to the way our bodies increase in height and weight?

A

Growth

17
Q

What D refers to the way we increase our skills, abilities and emotions?

A

Development

18
Q

Cognitive development is another term for what type of development?

A

Intellectual

19
Q

At what age would you expect an infant to be crawling?

A

9 months

20
Q

At what age would you expect an infant to walk?

A

15 months

21
Q

At what age should infants be using 50 words?

A

2 years old

22
Q

How do young infants express their emotions?

A

Crying

23
Q

What B is the close attachment between a new-born baby and main carer?

A

Bond

24
Q

What do we mean by ‘solitary play’?

A

Playing alone

25
Q

What do we mean by ‘parallel play’?

A

Playing near others but not with them (By age 2)

26
Q

What do we mean by ‘cooperative play’?

A

Play with others, understand talking, turns and rules (By age 3)

27
Q

What are the two main ways that adolescents develop physically?

A

Puberty and growth spurt

28
Q

Define Puberty.

A

Becoming sexually mature, developing secondary sexual characteristics

29
Q

What is self-image?

A

How we value ourselves based on how we think others see us. Their feedback, opinions and reactions to us.

30
Q

What is formal support?

A

Support from professionals whose job it is to help us. Often paid to help us.

31
Q

Emotionally adolescence can be a difficult time because of mood swings, what causes them?

A

Hormones

32
Q

Whose opinion and approval do adolescence rate higher-parents or peers?

A

Peers

33
Q

What is primary socialisation?

A

Learning basic values, norms and behaviours of our society from the family during early years

34
Q

What type of movement is a gross motor skill?

A

Big movements of the body/arms/legs such as walking, balancing and catching a ball

35
Q

What do we mean by egocentric?

A

Can only see things from their own point of view

36
Q

Around what ages do children experience growth spurt?

A

5-7 years old and during puberty

37
Q

Give three examples of key concepts learned in childhood.

A

Colour, number and size

38
Q

What important social choice do children get once they start school?

A

Choosing their own friends

39
Q

Around the age of 5 intellectual development in childhood accelerates- why?

A

Because they start school

40
Q

What is a fine motor skill?

A

Small precise movements, using the hands and fingers e.g. holding the pencil, threading beads and writing

41
Q

What is self-esteem?

A

The way we value our own abilities and worth

42
Q

How does a persons relationship with their parents change during the middle adulthood life stage?

A

You are more dependent on them, later they are more dependent on you

43
Q

Give two social changes likely to happen when you settle down with a partner.

A

Socialise with other couples more and embrace new family (in-laws)

44
Q

Give 4 physical changes associated with later adulthood.

A

Skin loses elasticity, senses deteriorate, organs less efficient and bones are more fragile

45
Q

Why might a person in later adulthood make better decisions than someone younger?

A

More life experience and wisdom

46
Q

How could retirement have a negative effect on someone’s social development?

A

Miss work colleagues and regular social interaction, lose social skills in lack of practice

47
Q

What is the term we use to describe the death of a friend or relative?

A

Bereavement

48
Q

What new type of relationship do adolescence begin to experience?

A

Intimate and sexual

49
Q

What do we mean by ‘informal’ support?

A

Support from people we know personally such as friends family and neighbours

50
Q

Name 3 expected life events in adulthood.

A

Leave home, find a partner and have children

51
Q

At what age should women expect to go through the menopause?

A

45-55 years old. Average age 52.

52
Q

Emotional maturity involves what?

A

Controlling how you respond to your emotions

53
Q

What impact can your job title have on your self-concept?

A

Pride or dissatisfaction