Flashcards in Unit 1 - Psychodynamic Approach Deck (35):
3 assumptions of the psychodynamic approach
Influence of childhood experiences
The unconscious mind
Influence fo childhood experiences involves...
The psychosexual stages
What are the 5 stages in the psychosexual stages?
3 levels of consciousness
How does the ego protect itself?
With defence mechanisms
What are the 4 defence mechanisms?
3 parts of personality
ID (pleasure principle)
Ego (reality principle)
Superego (moral ideals)
Psychodynamic link to human behaviours
Schizophrenia - childhood experiences (oral fixation = schizophrenia)
Relationship formation - childhood experiences (phallic stages influence relationships)
Therapy for the psychodynamic approach
2 context types of dreams
Manifest content (what you continuously remember)
Latent content (real meaning of dream)
What produces manifest content in dreams?
5 ways dream work creates manifest content
Strengths of dream analysis
Similar results found in computer simulations
Weaknesses of dream analysis
Low ecological validity
Confounding variables (research on sleep deprived)
Subjective interpretation of manifest content
False memories indices by therapist?
Over dependence on the therapist
Classsic study of the psychodynamic approach is...
Bowl by 44 juvenile thieves
Methodology of Bowlby’s study
44 thieves referred to clinic
Control group from clinic too,
Procedures of Bolwby’s study
-each child given mental tests, asses intelligence and attitudes
- mothers interviewed to gain history
- 2 hour examination
-school reports and toners considered
- provisional diagnosis made
- Further interviews
What kind of study was bowlbys?
How many participants in bowlbys study?
44 control group
What are the 6 character types in bowlby’s findings ?
What does Bowlby mean by a ‘normal’ character type? How many were identified?
Character fairly normal and stable
What does Bowlby mean by a ‘depressed’ character type? How many were identified?
Unstable, depressed start of mind
What does Bowlby mean by a ‘circular’ character type? How many were identified?
Unstable, showing alternating depression and over activity
What does Bowlby mean by a ‘hyperthermic’ character type? How many were identified?
Demonstrates constant over activity
What does Bowlby mean by a ‘affectionless’ character type? How many were identified?
Lack normal affection, shame and responsibility
What does Bowlby mean by a ‘schizoid’ character type? How many were identified?
Showed marked schizoid/schizophrenic symptoms
What did bowlby believe would happen to the 42 (not normal) thieves without treatment?
Would develop neurotic/ psychotic symptoms
Which character type had an incident of prolonged separation?
12/14 affectionless characters had prolonged separation
What conclusions can be drawn from Bowlby’s study?
- confirmation of the importance of early years
- carers should be aware of damage of prolonged separation
2 strengths of Bowlby’s study
A+ application (huge impact in hospitals)
E+ ethical (bowlby more than competent)
4 weaknesses of Bowlbys study
G- only 88 participants
R- case study thus not replicable!
V- poor population validity, subjective to bowlby
E- mental distress?
3 Strengths of the psychodynamic approach
N- accounts for nature and nurture
U- useful, highlights critical childhood stages, influencing therapies
R- holisitc, recognises influences in Beth. from multiple factors
3 weaknesses of the psychodynamic approach
D- deterministic as ignores free will (ie. behaviour is predetermined by childhood exp.)
S- unscientific! Cannot be falsified
Classic study of the psychodynamic approach?
Mother as primary care giver