Unit 1 - Psychodynamic Approach Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 1 - Psychodynamic Approach Deck (35):
1

3 assumptions of the psychodynamic approach

Influence of childhood experiences
The unconscious mind
Tripartite personality

2

Influence fo childhood experiences involves...

The psychosexual stages

3

What are the 5 stages in the psychosexual stages?

Oral
Anal
Phallic
Latency
Genitals

4

3 levels of consciousness

Conscious
Preconcious
Unconscious

5

How does the ego protect itself?

With defence mechanisms

6

What are the 4 defence mechanisms?

Displacement
Projection
Repression
Regression

7

3 parts of personality

ID (pleasure principle)
Ego (reality principle)
Superego (moral ideals)

8

Psychodynamic link to human behaviours

Schizophrenia - childhood experiences (oral fixation = schizophrenia)
Relationship formation - childhood experiences (phallic stages influence relationships)

9

Therapy for the psychodynamic approach

Dream analysis

10

2 context types of dreams

Manifest content (what you continuously remember)
Latent content (real meaning of dream)

11

What produces manifest content in dreams?

Dream work

12

5 ways dream work creates manifest content

Condensation
Displacement
Representation
Symbolism
Secondary elaboration

13

Strengths of dream analysis

Similar results found in computer simulations

14

Weaknesses of dream analysis

Low ecological validity
Confounding variables (research on sleep deprived)
Subjective interpretation of manifest content
False memories indices by therapist?
Over dependence on the therapist

15

Classsic study of the psychodynamic approach is...

Bowl by 44 juvenile thieves

16

Methodology of Bowlby’s study

Case studies
44 thieves referred to clinic
Control group from clinic too,
Matched

17

Procedures of Bolwby’s study

Internal examination
-each child given mental tests, asses intelligence and attitudes
- mothers interviewed to gain history
- 2 hour examination
-school reports and toners considered
Therapy
- provisional diagnosis made
- Further interviews

18

What kind of study was bowlbys?

Case study

19

How many participants in bowlbys study?

44 thieves
44 control group

20

What are the 6 character types in bowlby’s findings ?

1. Normal
2. Depressed
3. Circular
4. Hyperthermia
5. Affectionless
6. Schizoid

21

What does Bowlby mean by a ‘normal’ character type? How many were identified?

Character fairly normal and stable
X2

22

What does Bowlby mean by a ‘depressed’ character type? How many were identified?

Unstable, depressed start of mind
X9

23

What does Bowlby mean by a ‘circular’ character type? How many were identified?

Unstable, showing alternating depression and over activity
X2

24

What does Bowlby mean by a ‘hyperthermic’ character type? How many were identified?

Demonstrates constant over activity
X13

25

What does Bowlby mean by a ‘affectionless’ character type? How many were identified?

Lack normal affection, shame and responsibility
X 14

26

What does Bowlby mean by a ‘schizoid’ character type? How many were identified?

Showed marked schizoid/schizophrenic symptoms
X 4

27

What did bowlby believe would happen to the 42 (not normal) thieves without treatment?

Would develop neurotic/ psychotic symptoms

28

Which character type had an incident of prolonged separation?

12/14 affectionless characters had prolonged separation

29

What conclusions can be drawn from Bowlby’s study?

- confirmation of the importance of early years
- carers should be aware of damage of prolonged separation

30

2 strengths of Bowlby’s study

G
R
A+ application (huge impact in hospitals)
V
E+ ethical (bowlby more than competent)

31

4 weaknesses of Bowlbys study

G- only 88 participants
R- case study thus not replicable!
A
V- poor population validity, subjective to bowlby
E- mental distress?

32

3 Strengths of the psychodynamic approach

N- accounts for nature and nurture
U- useful, highlights critical childhood stages, influencing therapies
R- holisitc, recognises influences in Beth. from multiple factors
D-
S-

33

3 weaknesses of the psychodynamic approach

N-
U-
R- reductionist
D- deterministic as ignores free will (ie. behaviour is predetermined by childhood exp.)
S- unscientific! Cannot be falsified

34

Classic study of the psychodynamic approach?

Mother as primary care giver

35

What are the titles in the psychodynamic approach to refer to?

......