Unit 3 - Bullying Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 3 - Bullying Deck (22):
1

Definition of bullying

An individual or group subjects another individual or group to repeated negative acts

2

Negative acts are...

Physical aggression
Verbal aggression
Social exclusion

3

Characteristics of bullying

Negative acts
Repeated acts
Intent to harm
Bully has greater power
Different types

4

Different types of bullying

Overt
Covert

5

Biological explanations of bullying

Genetics
Evolved gender differences

6

4 areas within genetics

Twin studies
Adoption studies
MAOA Gene
Dark triad

7

Reasons FOR the genetics explanation

63% concordance rate on mx and dz twins

Application - directed research

8

Reasons AGAINST the genetics explanation

Not 100% concordance rate
Diaries is stress may be better explanation
Did find MAOA link but only in those who had a serious life trauma
Reductionist

9

2 areas in evolved gender differences

Opportunities for reproduction
Establishes dominance

10

‘opportunities for reproduction’ involves...

Characteristics associated with bullying are attractive to the opposite sex
- Female strategy to reproduce is to attract males who provide protection and resources
Ie via bullying as shows dominance, strength & attractiveness

11

‘Establishing dominance’ involves....

Bullying allows person to establish self at top of social hierarchy by acquiring status that comes with dominance
Adaptive strategies (risky for females to bully due to offspring)
Over and covert (males engage in physical & females in verbal)

12

Reasons FOR evolved gender differences

Found more physically attractive girls were more likely targets if ‘indirect relational bullying’
Possible evolutionary basis to bullying behaviour
Application - help bullying individuals channel aggression to appropriate means

13

Reasons AGAINST evolved gender difference

Self report is unreliable due to social desirability
Focused on qualitative data, hard to establish accuracy
Reductionist

14

2 individual difference explanations of bullying

Narcissistic personality
Theory of mind

15

3 traits within narcissistic personality

Grandiosity
Arrogance
Lack of empathy

16

Why are narcissists likely to be bullies?

Heightened sense of superiority (enhanced ego)
Over sensitivity to criticism

17

Reasons FOR narcissistic personality

Research found positive correlation in narcissism and bullying
But only in males, females not seen to bully more than non-narcissists
Application- suggests benefits to employees being able to identify narcissistic characteristics
- CBT /Mods can help narcs realise negative feedback constructively

18

Reasons AGAINST narcissistic personality

Healthy narcissists can be assets in workplace - demanding not obsessed, proud not arrogant,
Narcissism only a factor when with other traits, research found bully’s also show machavellanism and psychopathy

19

Theory of mind involves....

Understanding internal mental states of others & we can interpret & predict behaviour

20

Superior TOM is shown by....

Ability to predict victims behaviour (experts at selecting victims)
Act as a ringleader (manipulate others into carrying out your wishes)
Strategic manipulation (adapt at using different types of bullying in different circumstances)

21

Reasons FOR theory of mind

Research found that victims of bullying had a low TOM score
Application - if TOM right, bullying intervention won’t work as unable to understand others pov

22

Reasons AGAINST theory of mind

Research shows bullies score higher than non-bullies on TOM
But only for verbal forms of bullying
Reductionist