Unit 1/ Vocab 1: Basic Rhetoric Flashcards Preview

AP Language and Composition Terms > Unit 1/ Vocab 1: Basic Rhetoric > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 1/ Vocab 1: Basic Rhetoric Deck (16):
1

Audience

The listener, viewer, or reader of a text

2

Connotation

Meanings or associations that readers have with a word beyond its dictionary definition; usually positive or negative; can affect tone

3

Denotation

The dictionary definition of a word

4

Author's Purpose

The goal the speaker/ writer wants to achieve

5

Rhetoric

The principles that govern the art of writing effectively, eloquently, and persuasively

6

SOAPStone

A mnemonic device that stands for subject, occasion, audience, purpose, speaker, and tone, the elements that make up a rhetorical situation

7

Logos

An appeal based on logic or reason; appeals are made by offering clear, rational ideas and using specific details, examples, facts, statistics, or expert testimony

8

Occasion

The time and place a speech is given or a piece is written

9

Context

The circumstances, atmosphere, attitudes, and events surrounding a text

10

Ethos

An appeal based on the character/ reputation/ credibility of the speaker

11

Persona

The face or character that a speaker shows to his or her audience

12

Pathos

An appeal based on emotion

13

Rhetorical triangle

A diagram that illustrates the interrelationship among the speaker, audience, and subject

14

Speaker

The person or group who creates a text

15

Rhetorical question

A question that does not expect an explicit answer; used to pose an idea to be considered by the speaker or audience

16

Propaganda

The spread of ideas and information to further a cause; negatively, it is used as rumors, lies, disinformation, and scare tactics in order to damage or promote a cause