Unit 1/ Vocab 3: More Rhetorical Terms Flashcards Preview

AP Language and Composition Terms > Unit 1/ Vocab 3: More Rhetorical Terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 1/ Vocab 3: More Rhetorical Terms Deck (24):
1

Paranomasis

Use of words alike in sound but different in meaning

2

Dramatic irony

A type of irony in which facts or events are unknown to a character but are known to the reader, audience, or other character

3

Syllepsis

Repeating a word, meaning something different each time ("We must all hang together, or assuredly we shall all hang separately")

4

Antanaclasis

A construction in which one word is used in two different senses (After he threw the ball; he threw a fit.)

5

Prosopopoeia

A rhetorical device in which a speaker or writer communicates to the audience by speaking as another person or object

6

Polyptoton

The repetition of words derived from the same root ("The only thing we have to fear is fear itself.")

7

Anastrophe

The reversal of the normal order of words (also called inversion)

8

Metonymy

A type of metaphor in which the name of one object is substituted for that of another closely associated with it ("The White House declared . . . ")

9

Anadiplosis

Repetition of the final words of a sentence or line at the beginning of the next

10

Periphrasis

Substitution of a descriptive word or phrase for a name ("fickle mistress" for luck; "big man in the sky" for God)

11

Thesis

The sentence or group of sentences that directly expresses the author's opinion, purpose, meaning, or proposition

12

Synesthesia

Describing one kind of sensation in terms of another ("a loud color" or "a sweet sound")

13

Anthimeria

Using one part of speech to act as another, such as adjective for noun or noun for verb ("We partied last night" - noun as verb; our use of the word "speeching")

14

Sarcasm

Bitter, caustic language designed to hurt or ridicule someone or something

15

Apposition

A grammatical relation between a word and a noun phrase that follows it

16

Situational irony

A type of irony in which events turn out the opposite of what was expected

17

Symbol

Anything that represents or stands for something else

18

Epanalepsis

Repetition at the end of a clause or line of the word that occurred at the beginning (within the same line, phrase, clause, sentence)

19

Anachronism

Something located at a time when it could not have existed or occurred

20

Epistrophe

Repetition of a word or expression at the end of successive clauses, sentences, or verses especially for rhetorical or poetic effect -opposite of anaphora

21

Trope

Language used in a figurative or non-literal sense

22

Verbal irony

A type of irony in which the words literally stated are the opposite of the writer's true meaning

23

Simile

A comparison using like or as

24

Apostrophe

When a speaker addresses someone/something that is not there