Unit 1/ Vocab 4: More Rhetorical Terms Flashcards Preview

AP Language and Composition Terms > Unit 1/ Vocab 4: More Rhetorical Terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 1/ Vocab 4: More Rhetorical Terms Deck (24):
1

Tricolon

Sentence consisting of three parts of equal importance and length, usually three independent clauses.

2

Ellipsis

Indicated by a series of three periods; the . . . Indicates that some material has been omitted from the text

3

Loose sentence

A sentence that follows the customary word order of English sentences, main idea followed by one or more subordinate clauses

4

Isocolon

Parallel structure in which the parallel elements are similar not only in grammatical structure, but also in length ("An envious heart makes a treacherous ear.")

5

Understatement

A technique for developing irony and/or humor where one writer says less than intended

6

Parenthesis

A statement placed beside or within the main sentence

7

Assonance

Repetition of vowel sounds in words

8

Dependent clause

Does not express a complete thought and cannot stand alone as a sentence, even though it has a subject and a verb

9

Analogy

Drawing a comparison to show a similarity in some respect; it is assumed that what applies to a parallel situation also applies to the original circumstance

10

Euphony

Any agreeable (pleading and harmonious) sounds; alliteration, assonance, consonance, and rhyme all create the effect

11

Style

An author's characteristic manner of expression - his/her diction, syntax, imagery, structure, and content - the way an author writes

12

Repetition

The duplication, either exact or approximate, of any element of language, such as sound, word, phrase, clause, sentence or grammatical pattern

13

Cacophony

Harsh, jarring discordant sound (also dissonance)

14

Tone

Attitudes and presuppositions of the author that are revealed by his/her linguistic choices

15

Onomatopoeia

The use of words that sound like what they mean (hiss, buzz, boom)

16

Voice

The relationship between a subject and verb (active or passive)

17

Theme

The central idea or message of a work; often directly stated in non-fiction works

18

Hyperbole

Deliberate exaggeration or overstatement

19

Dissonance

Harsh or grating sounds that do not go together

20

Mood

The primary emotional attitude of a work; the atmosphere

21

Consonance

Repetition of identical consonant sounds within two or more words or in compound words

22

Passive voice

A verb form in which the subject receives the verb's action

23

Active voice

The verb form in which the subject of the sentence performs or causes the action expressed by the verb

24

Independent Clause

Expresses a complete thought and can stand alone as a sentence; has a subject and verb