Unit 11 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 11 Deck (64):
1

a.c.

before meals

2

NG

nasogastric

3

NPO

nothing by mouth

4

p.c.

after meals

5

p.o.

by mouth

6

BE

barium enema

7

GB

gallbladder

8

GI

gastrointestinal

9

BM

bowel movement

10

BMI

body mass index

11

BS

bowel sounds

12

GERD

gastroesophageal reflux disease

13

or/o

oral cavity

14

stomat/o

mouth

15

uvul/o

uvula

16

pharynx
pharyng/o

throat

17

esophag/o

esophagus

18

-us

noun ending

19

gastr/o

stomach

20

enter/o

small intestine

21

ileum

part of small intestine

22

ilium

the hip bone

23

col/o
colon/o

large intenstine/colon

24

proct/o

rectum

25

rect/o

rectum

26

an/o

anus

27

hepat/o

liver

28

cholecyst/o

gallbladder

29

lapar/o

abdomen

30

abdomin/o

abdomen

31

periton/o

peritoneum

32

cheil/o

lips

33

gloss/o

tongue

34

lingu/o

tongue

35

-pepsia

digestion

36

pept/o

digestion

37

dyspepsia

painful digestion

38

pyr/o

fever, fire

39

pyrosis

heartburn

40

H2O

water

41

jaundice

yellow discoloration of the skin

42

gingivitis

inflammation of the gums

43

gingiv/o

gums

44

a

without, no, away from

45

-phagia

swallowing

46

aphagia

the loss of the ability to swallow

47

append/o
appendic/o

appendix

48

herni/o

hernia

49

lavage

to wash out (a body cavity)

50

regurgitate

the return of swallowed food into the mouth

51

emesis

vomiting

52

dysentery

an infection of the digestive tract

53

CT or CAT

computed (axial) tomography

54

abdominal ultrasound

high frequency sound waves used to visualize internal organs

55

anoscopy

visual examination of the anus

56

barium swallow (upper GI series)

use of barium to see upper portion of digestive system

57

GI

gastrointestinal

58

enema

solution placed in rectum and colon to empty the contents via a bowel movement

59

barium enema (lower GI series)

use of barium to view lower digestive system

60

anoplasty

surgical repair of the anus

61

colectomy

surgical removal of all or part of colon

62

colotomy

surgical incision into the colon

63

colonoscopy

visual examination of the colon

64

colostomy

creating an artificial opening to the colon