Unit 15 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 15 Deck (47):
1

encephal/o

brain

coordinates al body activities

2

cephal/o

head, crown

3

crani/o

skull

4

cerebell/o

cerebellum

located in lower back of cranium, responsible for balance and coordination

5

cerebr/o

cerebrum

largest, upper-most portion of brain
"thinking" part of the brain

6

mening/o or /i

meninges

layers around the brain and spinal cord

7

radic/o

nerve root

8

radicul/o

nerve root

9

rhiz/o

nerve root

10

mononeuropathy

condition that affects a single nerve

11

myel/o

spinal cord or bone marrow

pathway for nerve impulses between brain, limbs, and lower body

12

neur/o

nerves

receives and transmits message to and from all parts of the body

13

sensory organs

ears, eyes, nose, skin, tongue

14

anestheiologist

without feeling specialist

15

psychologist

specialist of the mind, emotions

16

psychiatrist

specialist of the mind, emotions

17

conscious

being alert, awake, aware, responsive

18

A&O

alert and oriented

19

syncopal episode

fainting spell

20

LOC

loss of level of consciousness

21

coma

deep state of unconsciousness

22

aneurysm

localized weak-spot or balloon-like enlargement of the wall of an artery

23

stroke

damage to the brain that occurs when blood flow to brain is disrupted

24

TIA

transient ischemic attack
little strokes

25

aphasia

loss of ability to speak, write, comprehend language

26

hyperesthesia

increased feeling, sensation

27

seizure

convulsion

28

CP

cerebral palsy

29

sciatica

pain affecting the back, hip, and outer leg caused by the compression of the spinal nerve root in the lower back

30

-paresis

paralysis

31

-plegia

paralysis

32

hemiparesis
hemiplegia

paralysis on one side of the body

33

paraplegia

paralysis of both legs and lower body

34

quadriplegia

paralysis of all four extremities

35

monoplegia

paralysis of one limb or area

36

ADD

attention deficit disorder

37

ADHD

attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder

38

concussion

violent shaking or jarring of the brain

39

A + O x 3

alert and oriented times three (person, place, and time)

40

MS

multiple sclerosis

41

CAT

computed axial tomography

42

PERRLA

pupils are equal, round, responsive to light and accommodation

43

analgesic

drug that relieves pain without affecting consciousness

44

anesthesia

absence of normal sensation, especially pain

45

MRI

magnetic resonance imaging

46

EEG

electroencephalogram

47

HA

headache