Unit 14 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 14 Deck (80):
1

crani/o

skull

2

vertebr/o

spine

3

spondyl/o

spine

4

rachi/o

spine

5

lumb/o

lumbar
lower back area

6

Cervical vertebrae

C-1, C-2....C-7

7

Thoracic vertebrae

T-1, T-2...T-12

8

Lumbar vertebrae

L-1, L-2...L-5

9

clavic/o

clavicle
collar bone

10

scapul/o

scapula
shoulder blade

11

humer/o

humerus
upper arm bone

12

stern/o

sternum
breastbone

13

cost/o

costals
ribs

14

chondr/o

cartilage

15

alignment

placing fractured bones into correct anatomical position

16

ambulate

able to walk

17

ambulatory

pertaining to walking

18

deformity/deformed

distortion of any part of the body

19

dislocate/dislocation

temporary displacement of a bone from its joint

20

immobilize/immobilization

making a part or limb so that it cannot be moved

21

orthopod

orthopedist

22

reduce/reduction

restoring a fractured bone to its normal position

23

symmetry

both sides being equal

24

traction

pulling force on a limb to return bone or joint to normal position

25

CR

closed reduction

26

CRIF

closed reduction internal fixation (fracture treatment)

27

ORIF

open reduction internal fixation (surgical fracture treatment)

28

D.O.

Doctor of Osteopathy

29

NSAID

non steroidal anti-inflammatory drug

30

RA

rheumatoid arthritis

31

AKA

above knee amputation

32

BKA

below knee amputation

33

phalang/o

phalanges
fingers or toe bones

34

carp/o

carpals
bones of the wrist

35

tars/o

tarsals
ankle bones

36

ilium

part of the hip bone

37

femor/o

femur
upper leg bone

38

patell/o

patella
knee cap

39

fibul/o

fibula
lower leg bone

40

arthr/o

joints

41

ten/o

tendon

42

tend/o

tendon

43

tendin/o

tendon

44

bursa, burs/o

fibrous sac that acts like a cushion to ease joint movement

45

ligament

connects bone to bone

46

synovial fluid

acts as a lubricant within movable joints

47

symphysis joint

bones grow together with cartilage and function as one

48

menisc/o

cartilage within a joint

49

oste/o

bone

50

myel/o

bone marrow or spinal cord

51

my/o

muscle

52

myos/o

muscle

53

ankylosis

loss of mobility in a joint

54

osteoclasis

surgical Fx a bone to correct a deformity

55

osteodesis

fusion, surgically fuse together a bone

56

lord/o

bent forward

57

kyph/o

hump, humpback

58

myoasthenia

muscle weakness

59

osteoarthritis

inflammation of the bones and joints

60

orthopedic surgeon

specialized in bones, joints, and muscles

61

kinesiology

study of the movement of muscles and body parts

62

Fx

fracture

63

disl

dislocation

64

ROM

range of motion

65

OT

occupational therapy

66

PT

physical therapy

67

OA

osteoarthritis

68

Ht

height

69

Wt

weight

70

Ortho

orthopedics

71

MD

muscular dystrophy

72

abduction

moving away from the midline

73

adduction

moving toward the midline

74

inversion

turning inward

75

eversion

turning outward

76

extension

moving a limb to a straight position

77

flexion

bending a limb

78

pronation

turning the palm down

79

supination

turning palm up

80

rotation

turning around on its own axis