Unit 15 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 15 Deck (56)
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1
Q

encephal/o

A

Brain (coordinates body activity)

2
Q

chephal/o

A

Head, crown

3
Q

cerebell/o

A

Cerebellum (located in lower part of the brain) responsible for balance and coordination

4
Q

cerebr/o

A

Cerebrum (uppermost portion of the brain, largest) “thinking” part of the brain

5
Q

cognitive

A

Ability (or lack of) to think, learn, and mobilize

6
Q

mening/o, mening/i

A

Meninges (layers around the brain and spinal cord)

7
Q

Radic/o, radicul/o, rhiz/o

A

Nerve root

8
Q

mononeuropathy

A

Condition that affects a single nerve

9
Q

neur/o

A

Nerve (receives transmits messages to and from all of the body)

10
Q

myel/o

A

Bone marrow, spinal cord (pathway for nerve impulses between brain, limbs, and lower body.)

11
Q

sensory organs

A

Ears, eyes, nose, skin(touch), tongue.

12
Q

anesthesiologist

A

Specialist of medication

13
Q

Psychologist

A

Specialist of mind and emotions. NOT MD

14
Q

psych/o

A

Mind, emotions

15
Q

Psychiatrist

A

MD, specialist of mind and emotions

16
Q

-iatrist

A

Specialist

17
Q

-iatry

A

Study of, field of

18
Q

Conscious

A

Being alert, awake, aware, responsive

19
Q

A&O

A

Alert and oriented

20
Q

syncopal episode

A

Fainting spell (brief loss of consciousness)

21
Q

LOC

A

Loss of consciousness of level of consciousness

22
Q

Coma

A

Deep state of unconsciousness, not responsive to pain, no speech..

23
Q

aneurysm

A

Weak spot in the wall of an artery, it can burst and rupture. Often fatal

24
Q

Stroke

A

Damage to the brain that occurs when blood flow to the brain is disrupted

25
Q

TIA

A

Transient ischemic attack (warning strokes)

26
Q

aphasia

A

Without the ability to speak (due to brain damage associated with a stroke)

27
Q

Hyperesthesia

A

Increased feeling

28
Q

-esthesia

A

Feeling, sensation

29
Q

seizure

A

Convulsion (sudden, violent, involuntary contraction of a group of muscles caused by a disturbance in Brian function)

30
Q

-ictal

A

Seizure

31
Q

preictal

A

Time before a seizure

32
Q

Postictal

A

Time after a seizure

33
Q

CNS

A

Central nervous system

34
Q

CP

A

Cerebral palsy

35
Q

Sciatica

A

Pain affecting the back, hip, and outer leg caused by the compression of spinal nerve root in the lower back

36
Q

-paresis, -plegia

A

Paralysis (loss of sensation and voluntary muscle movement)

37
Q

Hemiparesis, hemiplegia

A

Paralysis on one side of the body

38
Q

Monoplegia

A

Paralysis of one limb (arm) or area

39
Q

A+Ox3

A

Alert and oriented times three (person, place, and time)

40
Q

MS

A

Multiple sclerosis

41
Q

MRI

A

Magnetic resonance imaging

42
Q

EEG

A

Electroencephalogram

43
Q

CP

A

Cerebral palsy

44
Q

Paraplegia

A

Paralysis of both legs, and lower body

45
Q

Quadraplegia

A

Paralysis of all four extremities

46
Q

ADD

A

Attention deficit disorder

47
Q

ADHD

A

Attention deficit/hyperactive disorder

48
Q

Concussion

A

Violent shaking of jarring of the brain

49
Q

CAT

A

Computed axial tomography

50
Q

Analgesic

A

Drug that relive pain without affecting our consciousness

51
Q

Anesthesia

A

Absence of normal sensation, especially pain

52
Q

PERRLA

A

Pupils equal, round, responsive to light, accommodation

53
Q

HA

A

Headache

54
Q

Contusion

A

Bruise

55
Q

Hematoma

A

Tumor of blood

56
Q

esthesi/o

A

Feeling