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Flashcards in Unit 2 Deck (23)
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1

Funerary Krater

-from geometric period
-750-735 BCE
-found in Dipylon cemetary
-narratives of a funeral and mourning

2

Anavysos Kouros

-530 BCE
-cemetery near Athens
-depicts more skill, more realism, more muscle

3

"Peplos" Kore

-530 BCE
-from Akropolis
-peplos is her garment
-may have had an attribute in left hand
-votive figure

4

Ajax and Achilles Playing a Game

-by Exekias
-540-530 BCE
-black figure, on pottery (amphora)
-depicts famous story about Trojan war

5

Greek Archaic Period traits

-600-480 BCE
-Archaic smile
-themes of war and religion
-humanism/self pride
-black figure/red figure vessels
-stiff and frontal
-doric/ionic architecture

6

Greek High Classical period traits

-450-400 BCE
-contrapposto
-No more archaic smile
-more detailed, more skilled
-cire perdue (lost wax)
-wet drapery
-high relief
-corinthian architecture
-idealistic and generic

7

The Parthenon

-high classical
-worshiping center
-peristyle along outside, inside chamber called cella
-only priests go in cella
-40 ft ivory/gold Athena statue idol inside
-wet drapery on tabuleture
-people worshiped outside

8

Spear Bearer (Doryphoros)

-450-440 BCE
-Polykleitos was the artist
-only remaining copy is Roman, made of marble, original was bronze cast
-delicately balanced just so it won't tip over
-stump/brace is Roman addition (for stability)
-idealistic in body proportions and aesthetic

9

Greek Late Classical period

-400-323 BCE
-shows influence of other cultures, expanded trade
-shift in theme from war to peace

10

Hermes and the Infant Dionysos

-depicts exactly what you'd expect
-exudes an air of peace
-interaction between adult and child, loving
-shows evolution from war themes to peace themes

11

Hellenistic Period

-323-30 BCE
-motion, emotion, and diversity in subject
-shows influence from other cultures
-fukc

12

Laocoon and His Sons

-Hellenistic
-very dramatic, tells a story of the Trojan War
-go d this is just a really good sculpture
-emotional evolution

13

Couple Reclining on a Sarcophagus

-Etruscan
-shows their relaxed and casual views on death

14

Capitoline She Wolf

-Original wolf was Etruscan, Romulus and Remus were added later during the renaissance
-commissioned from Romans
-depicts Roman origin story

15

Roman Republic

lasted 509-27 BCE

16

Early Empire

27 BCE to 96 CE
-innovations in architecture

17

Pont du Gard

The Huge Arch Bridge
-Roman type aqueduct
-in France. Demonstrates the expanse of the Roman Empire

18

Augustus of Primaporta

-20 BCE
-depicts Augustus, the man responsible for like 200 years of peace in Rome after the horrible wars of the first triumvirate
-He is Noble. He wears Armor. His stance is strong. Cupid is at his feet. this links him to divinity
-they liked him, man.

19

Ara Pacis Augustae - Imperial Procession

-erected in honor of. well. augustan peace
-portraits of people supposedly there at the time
-mix of high and low relief
-looks really good ok

20

Initiation Rites of the Cult of Bacchus - Villa of Mysteries

60-50 BCE
-fake marbling with good ol Roman concrete
-made to look like a real space. styled on the walls as if it were a backdrop

21

Pantheon

110 CE
-largest standing unsupported dome (coffer)

22

Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius

all i got on this one is that equestrian monuments are power

23

Arch of Constantine

it was already a sculpture, re-purposed for Constantine (the man who legitimized Christianity). originally for hadrian (???)