Unit 2 Flashcards Preview

BEHP 5013 Unit 1-9 > Unit 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 2 Deck (30):
1

Process that consist of reinforcement and
extinction that may result in either
differentiation or discrimination.

DIfferential Reinforcement

2

Reinforcement
Extinction

2 operations of Differential Reinforcement

3

Results when differential reinforcement
consists of reinforcing one response while
placing a second response on extinction.

Differentiation

4

Results when differential reinforcement
consists of reinforcing a response when
certain stimuli are present and not reinforcing
the same response when those stimuli are

not present.

Discrimination

5

Both the SD and SΔ stimulus conditions are
presented to the learner at the same time

Simultaneous Discrimination Training

6

Only one antecedent (SD or SΔ) is presented
to the learner in a given trial

Successive Discrimination Training

7

Reinforce a response in the presence of a
stimulus, but not in the absence of that
stimulus

Discrimination Training

8

A situation in which the frequency, latency,
duration, or amplitude of a behavior is
altered by the presence or absence of an
antecedent stimulus

Stimulus Control

9

Discrimination training results in:

Stimulus Control

10

An antecedent stimulus that evokes the
imitative behavior

Model

11

Prearranged antecedent stimuli that facilitate
new skills

Planned Models

12

All antecedent stimuli with the capacity to
evoke imitation

Unplanned Models

13

Teaching the learner to imitate or do exactly
what the person providing the models is
doing

Imitation Training

14

Fine motor
Gross motor
Object imitation

Types of Imitation

15

An antecedent manipulation in which 2-5
easy/known tasks are presented in quick
succession immediately prior to a difficult/
high effort task or a response that is
relatively infrequent

High Probability Request Sequence

16

Following directions or complying with
requests of others

Listener Responding

17

The parts of items and descriptions of items

Feature

18

The actions that typically go with the items or what one does with the items and classes

Function

19

The group(s) the items belong

Class

20

Procedure in which the prompt is provided
right away.

Errorless Teaching

21

Different reinforcers are provided in a
discrimination task each of which is
correlated with a given stimulus.

Differential Outcomes Proceedure

22

Differential outcomes can be effective in...

Difficult Discrimination Tasks

23

Antecedents are presented; teacher waits for
the learner to respond, learner responds,
and teacher provides consequence
contingent on the learner’s response

Discrete trial teaching

24

An antecedent stimulus that sets the
occasion for the learner’s response
A response by the learner
A teacher provided consequence for the
learner’s response

Components of a Discrete Trial

25

Programming mastered items or tasks in
between acquisition trials during discrete trial
instruction

Task Intrapersonal

26

One or more cues occur or motivating
operations are captured in a naturally-
occurring situation. Naturally-occurring
consequences are delivered contingent on
learner’s response.

Incidental Teaching

27

Taking advantage of a teaching situation that
arises without warning in the natural setting

Capturing

28

Setting up a pre-arranged teaching
opportunity

Contriving

29

DTT often results in:

Rapid rate of acquisition

30

IT/ NET often results in :

Stimulus Generalization and Induction