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Flashcards in Unit 2 Deck (29)
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1

Differential reinforcement

Process that consist of reinforcement and extinction that may result in either
differentiation or discrimination.


2

Two operations of differential reinforcement

Reinforcement
Extinction

3

Differentiation

Results when differential reinforcement
consists of reinforcing one response while placing a second response on extinction.


4

Discrimination

Results when differential reinforcement
consists of reinforcing a response when
certain stimuli are present and not reinforcing the same response when those stimuli are not present.

5

Simultaneous discrimination training

Both the SD and SΔ stimulus conditions are
presented to the learner at the same time

6

Discrimination training

Reinforce a response in the presence of a
stimulus, but not in the absence of that stimulus

7

Stimulus control

A situation in which the frequency, latency,
duration, or amplitude of a behavior is
altered by the presence or absence of an

antecedent stimulus

8

Discrimination training results in:

Stimulus control

9

Model

An antecedent stimulus that evokes the

imitative behavior

10

Planned models

Prearranged antecedent stimuli that facilitate new skills

11

Unplanned models

All antecedent stimuli with the capacity to

evoke imitation

12

Imitation training

Teaching the learner to imitate or do exactly
what the person providing the models is doing

13

Types of imitation

Fine motor
Gross motor
Object imitation

14

High probability request sequence

An antecedent manipulation in which 2-5
easy/known tasks are presented in quick
succession immediately prior to a difficult/
high effort task or a response that is
relatively infrequent

15

Listener responding

Following directions or complying with

requests of others

16

Feature

The parts of items and descriptions of items

17

Function

The actions that typically go with the items or
what one does with the items and classes

18

Class

The group(s) the items belong

19

Errorless teaching

Procedure in which the prompt is provided
right away.

20

Differential outcomes procedure

Different reinforcers are provided in a
discrimination task each of which is
correlated with a given stimulus.

21

Differential outcomes can be effective in...

Difficult discrimination tasks

22

Discrete trial teaching

Antecedents are presented; teacher waits for
the learner to respond, learner responds,
and teacher provides consequence
contingent on the learner’s response

23

Components of a discrete trial

An antecedent stimulus that sets the occasion for the learner’s response
A response by the learner
A teacher provided consequence for the
learner’s response

24

Task Interspersal

Programming mastered items or tasks in
between acquisition trials during discrete trial
instruction

25

Incidental teaching

One or more cues occur or motivating operations are captured in a naturally-
occurring situation. Naturally-occurring consequences are delivered contingent on
learner’s response.

26

Capturing

Taking advantage of a teaching situation that
arises without warning in the natural setting

27

Contriving

Setting up a pre-arranged teaching opportunity

28

DTT often results in:

Rapid rate of acquisition

29

IT/ NET often results in

Stimulus generalization and induction