Unit 2 - Lesson 1: Law in Allied Health Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 2 - Lesson 1: Law in Allied Health Deck (44)
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1

Three levels of government

Federal, state, local

2

Set of rules that govern our behavior

Law

3

Prohibits and punishes certain conduct for the benefit of society

Criminal law

4

An offense against a locale, state, or the United States

Crime

5

Concerns the private rights and duties of individuals who live within a society

Civil law

6

An individual power, privilege, or immunity

Right

6

An individual obligation

Duty

7

A system of law developed on a case by case basis from court decisions

Common law

8

Legislation passed by governing bodies on federal and state levels

Statutes

9

Legislation adopted by local legislative bodies

Ordinances

10

Refers to a professional organization or institution representing that a certified person has passed a test, completed a course of study, or demonstrated knowledge or skill in some other way

Certification

11

Failing to meet a standard of reasonable care

Negligence

12

The responsibility of a physician to hire qualified personnel and supervise the personnel accordingly

Due care

13

When one person is held responsible for the actions of another

Vicarious liability

14

The process of resolving disputes through the court system

Litigation

15

A process for resolving disputes outside of the court system that may be used before or after litigation has begun

Alternative dispute resolution (ADR)

16

To begin a legal process involving a court

Litigate

17

The person who is suing

Plaintiff

18

The person who is being sued

Defendant

19

The taking of oral testimony under oath before trial

Deposition

20

A trial in which the jury is the fact finder; the judge explains the law to the jury and supervise the presentation of evidence

Jury trial

21

A trial in which there’s no jury; the judge serves as the factfinder, weighs the evidence, and decides how the law applies to it

Bench trial

22

What the plaintiffs are obligated to prove

Burden of proof

23

false swearing under oath

Perjury

24

the question is whether an error of law was made at the trial court level

Appeal

25

Two parties present evidence to an impartial person who makes a binding decision

Arbitration

26

Occurs when a neutral third person helps the parties in a dispute reach a settlement agreement

Mediation

27

Consists of medical responses that are motivated by a desire to avoid potential liability claims more than by the needs of the patient

Defensive medicine

28

Professional negligence

Malpractice

29

People who have skill, experience, training, or education in a specialized field that ordinary people don’t have

Expert witness