Unit 2 - Lesson 2 - Ethics In Allied Health Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 2 - Lesson 2 - Ethics In Allied Health Deck (29)
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1

Attempt to systemize, defend, and recommend concepts of right and wrong behavior

Ethical theories

2

While moral obligation focuses on an individuals conscience or on societies opinion about behavior, legal obligations are enforceable by the states power without regard to an individual’s conscience

Ethics versus law

3

A branch of ethical theory that considers the origin and meaning of ethical principles

Metaethics

4

Involves determining the moral standards that regulate right and wrong conduct; the three theories of this type of ethics are virtue theory, duty theory, consequentialist theory

Normative ethics

5

Taken by physicians and pertains to the ethical practice of medicine

Hippocratic oath

6

The proper form of social interaction in a given culture or community

Etiquette

7

Signed into law by President Barack Obama in 2010; makes health insurance coverage mandatory

Affordable care act (ACA)

8

A list of approved drugs from which doctors must prescribe to have insurance cover the pharmaceuticals

Formulary

9

The practice of traveling to other countries for medical procedures due to lower cost

Medical tourism

10

An epidemic, or a sudden outbreak, that becomes very widespread and affects a whole region, continent, or the world

Pandemic

11

Requires that the patient give informed consent prior to the start of any medical treatment

Patient autonomy

12

Takes away patient autonomy and gives the power to medical personnel or the government for society’s benefit

Medical paternalism

13

Authorizes gifts of the body or any part of the body

Uniform anatomical gift act

14

Test tube fertilization, artificial insemination

Non-natural methods of conception

15

A science that deals with “improving” hereditary qualities

Eugenics

16

Encourages reproduction by those considered genetically superior

Positive eugenics

17

Limits or discourages reproduction by those considered genetically inferior

Negative eugenics

18

A medical technique used to test DNA in amniotic fluid; allows physicians to identify genetic abnormalities before birth

Amniocentesis

19

In 1973, in a landmark decision regarding abortion, the US Supreme Court applied the right to privacy to abortion

Row versus Wade

20

Laws that make causing the death of a fetus a crime separate and independent from any crime committed against the woman carrying the fetus

Fetal homicide laws

21

A parents claim against a doctor for damages caused by the birth of a child that occur when a doctor fails to detect and disclose a child’s birth defects in time to permit abortion

Wrongful birth

22

Instructions people may give regarding their wishes concerning medical treatment in the event that they are unable to make those decisions for themselves ( e.g. due to being unconscious or mentally incompetent)

Advance medical directives

23

Prevents efforts to resuscitate those who have exhibited the signs of death; doesn’t go into affect until the person is permanently unconscious without realistic hope of recovery

Do not resuscitate(DNR) Order

24

Authorizes a person to make medical decisions for a patient when the patient is unable to do so

Durable power of attorney(DPA)

25

Occurs when a patient takes actions to terminate his or her life using means supplied by someone else

Assisted suicide

26

Occurs when a person takes an action that causes the death of another person; sometimes called “mercy killing”

Euthanasia

27

Pertains to the character of a person as displayed by the virtues that he or she possesses

Virtue theory

28

Pertains to a person‘s obligations from the standpoint of morality

Duty theory

29

Based on the consequences of people’s actions based on their own ethics and morals

Consequentialist theory