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Flashcards in Unit 2 Study Guide Deck (25)
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1

________ is a Spanish explorer

Juan Ponce de Leon

2

When did the first conquistador come to Florida?

1513

3

_________ are resources that come from Earth

natural resources

4

________ is a journey for a special purpose

expedition

5

What is the purpose of a mission?

The purpose of a mission is a settlement where religion was taught

6

Which country was the first to control Florida and for how many years did they control it?

France was the first country to control Florida although they only controlled it for about 3 years

7

One of the largest effects the Spanish had on Florida was its agriculture. Name 5 items in which they introduced to Florida

Oranges, cattle, wtermelons, peaches, peas, wheat, garbanzo beans, chick peas, pigs, chicken, sheep, goats, and horses

8

What was the main conflict between the Native Americans and Europeans?

Native Americans fought to defend themselves and their land. Europeans fought back to gain control of this same land.

9

Name 2 negative effects the Europeans had on Florida. Explain?

Native Americans usually lost the fights and as a result, they lost much of their land too so, many had to move to new ares to live

10

What is a colony?

A place that is ruled by another country.

11

Why did European countries set up colonies?

Colonies brought wealth and power to the ruling country.

12

Why did conquistadors explore?

They wanted gold, to begin new colonies and to tell people about religion.

13

How were Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca and Esteban Donates connected?

They both were part of the expedition of Panful de Narvaez.

14

Why did Juan Ponce de Leon come to Florida?

To find the Fountain of Youth

15

Why did Hernando de Soto explore Florida?

Hernando de Soto came for gold

16

What is the oldest and first permanent community in Florida?

St. Augustine

17

The conquistadors explored Florida for several reasons. What were the reasons?

Gold, the spread of Christianity, and the Fountain of Youth.

18

This French community in Florida started by Rene Laudonniere lasted only a short time

Fort Caroline

19

This Spanish community was started by Pedro Menendez

St. Augustine

20

This fort was located in St. Augustine and housed many free slaves.

Fort Mose

21

This community started in 1738 and started its own militia to protect St. Augustine.

Fort Mose

22

In order for the Spanish to set their slaves free, the slaves had to agree to do the following things. What were they?

To be loyal to Spain and become Christians.

23

What are missions known for doing?

To teach and spread Christianity

24

Where was the first mission built?

St. Augustine

25

The Spanish set up missions for two reasons. What were they?

To teach natives about the religion of Christianity and Spanish ways of life