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Flashcards in Unit 3 Study Guide Deck (27)
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1

Which tribe moved from Alabama and Georgia in the 1700's to northern Florida?

Creek

2

What were the Seminole Indians known as

free people

3

Name the two jobs Seminole men did

hunted & fished

4

What caused the Black Seminoles to form a tribe

They were enslaved Africans that left and joined the Seminoles

5

Why did the Spanish welcome the Creek to Florida?

They wanted more people in Florida

6

What Native American groups did the Creek join to form the Seminoles?

Apalachee & Tequesta

7

How did the Seminoles use rivers?

For travel and fishing

8

What did the Seminole trade for European goods?

Animal skins & furs

9

What did the Black Seminole give to the Seminoles in return for protection

Crops & animals

10

The Adams - Onis Treaty was signed in February 2, 1819, during which war was it signed and why was the treaty signed?

The 1st Seminole war, The Spanish government did not think they could defeat the American army.

11

Why did Governor Duval set up a reservation for the Seminole?

the tensions between Seminoles and new settlers increased so Duval set up land for Seminoles only

12

In 1830, over 4,000 Seminole tribes surrendered and were forced to move to which state?

Oklahoma

13

What happened to the 300 Seminoles that refused to surrender or leave Florida?

They live in the Everglades

14

On May 7, 1858, during the 3rd Indian War, Billy Bowlegs agreed to do what in exchange for money and land?

End the war

15

What is a crop sold for profit called?

cash crop

16

Where di the Planters family live?

The Big House

17

What type of technology was brought to Florida in 1829 that helped move crops and pioneers across the waterways?

Steam boat

18

What is an abolitionist?

One who is against slavery

19


What started the Civil War

The confederate army wanted to take over Fort Sumter, which belonged to the union. The union surrenderred but this started the war

20

What was the purpose of a blockade?

To shut off an area to keep people and supplies from going in and out

21

The southern states took on what part of the civil war and what did they believe?

Confederate - believed in slavery

22

The northern states took on what part of the civil war and what did they believe?

Union - freedom of all

23

Who won the Civil War? Andy why?

The Union because they had more money people and factories

24

Explain the role of the Freeman's Bureau

To help poor whites and freed African American w/ housing, food, medical care, and education

25

Explain how sharecropping helps planters?

They had little or no money to pay freedmen or poor whites to work so they rented their land for money.

26

What were the Black Codes

They restricted the rights of African Americans

27

Name 4 challenges that occurred during the reconstruction of Florida

The 4 challenges of Florida faced during reconstruction were the following:
1 - planters lost money and had to rent their land
2 - poor whites/Africans had no money homes, food, medical care or education
3 - Restricted rights to women and free slaves
4 - segregation

These are the 4 challenges Florida took on.