Unit 2 Test CSP Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 2 Test CSP Deck (24):
1

Innovation

a novel or improved idea, device, product, etc, or the development thereof

2

Protocol

a set of rules governing the exchange or transmission of data between devices

3

Code

to write instructions for the computer

4

internet engineering task force

(IETF) develops and promotes voluntary internet standards and protocols. These standards comprise the Internet protocol suite

5

Internet

a group of computers and servers that are connected to each other

6

Net neutrality

the principle that all internet traffic should be treated equally by Internet Service Providers

7

RFC

request for comments

8

Moore's Law

states that every 18 months or so, computers and digital technology will double in speed and capacity while the cost gets cut in hald

9

IP Address

a number assigned to any item that is connected to the Internet

10

Packets

small chunks of information that have been carefully formed from larger chumps

11

Redundancy

means if one system goes down, the connection between other systems will not be broken

12

TCP

provides reliable, ordered and error-checked delivery of a stream of packets on the internet

13

Fault tolerance

system can keep operating even when some elements fail

14

DNS

service that translates URLs to IP address

15

Domain name

an indentification string that defines a realm of administrative administrative control within the Internet

16

Subdomain

a domain that is part of the larger domain

17

DoS

denial of service

an attempt to shut down a website by flooding it with requests

18

DDoS

distributed denial of service

requests come from hundred or thousands of IP addresses

19

DNS Spoofing

a form of computer hacking in which corrupt DNS data is introduced to the normal DNS

Causes name servers to return an incorrect IP address

20

HTTP

HyperText Transfer Protocol

the protocol used for transmitting web pages over the internet

21

URL

an easy-to-remember address for calling a webpage

22

Abstraction

reducing information and detail to focus on essential characteristics

23

Server

a computer that awaits and responds to requests for the data

24

Client

a computer that requests data stored on a server