Unit 2 - VI. Regions of the Vertebral Column: Cervical Region Flashcards Preview

Spinal Anatomy > Unit 2 - VI. Regions of the Vertebral Column: Cervical Region > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 2 - VI. Regions of the Vertebral Column: Cervical Region Deck (246)
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1

Which mammals do not have seven cervical vertebrae?

the two toed sloth, manatee, ant bear, and three toed sloth

2

Which mammals have more than seven cervical vertebrae?

ant bear, three-toed sloth

3

Which mammals have less than seven cervical vertebrae?

two-toed sloth, manatee

4

What is the number of vertebrae in the typical cervical spine?

seven segments

5

Which vertebrae are typical cervicals?

C3-C6

6

Which vertebrae are atypical cervicals?

C1, C2, C7

7

What is the shape of the typical cervical vertebral body from the cranial view?

rectangular

8

What is the effect of aging on the cervical vertebral body?

it diminishes the overall height of the vertebral body

9

What is the appearance of the typical cervical vertebral body from the lateral view?

posterior height is greater than anterior height by a few millimeters

10

What would be the direction of the cervical curve based on osseous features?

posterior or kyphotic

11

What accounts for the direction of the typical cervical curve?

the intervertebral disc height

12

What is the direction of the typical cervical curve?

anterior or lordotic

13

Which vertebral couples will demonstrate a decrease in intervertebral disc height?

C2/C3 down to C4/C5

14

At which vertebral couple will the cervical curve again inrease intervertebral disc height?

C5/C6

15

What are the modifications of the superior epiphyseal rim of a typical cervical?

anterior groove, posterior groove, right and left uncinate processes

16

What are the names of the lateral modification of the superior epiphyseal rim?

uncinate process, unciform process, uncovertebral process, uncus or lateral lip

17

At what developmental age will the uncinate process first be observed?

3rd-4th fetal month

18

What are the modifications of the inferior epiphyseal rim of a typical cervical?

anterior lip, posterior lip, right and left lateral grooves

19

What are the names given to the lateral modifications of the inferior epiphyseal rim?

lateral groove or enchancrure

20

What is the joint classification for the anterior lip-anterior longitudinal ligament-anterior groove articulation?

fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis

21

What is the joint classification for the posterior lip-posterior longitudinal ligament-posterior groove articulation?

fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis

22

What is the joint classification for the uncinate process-lateral groove articulation?

modified synovial saddle (diarthrosis sellar)

23

What is the joint classification for the spongy bone-intervertebral disc articulation?

cartilaginous (amphiarthrosis) symphysis

24

What joint surfaces are present on the upper surface of the vertebral body of a typical cervical?

anterior groove, right uncinate process, left uncinate process, posterior groove and superior spongy bone surface

25

How many joints are present on the upper surface of a typical cervical vertebral body?

five

26

What joint surfaces are present on the lower surface of the vertebral body of a typical cervical?

anterior lip, right lateral groove, left lateral groove, posterior lip and inferior spongy bone surface

27

How many joints are present on the lower surface of a typical cervical vertebral body?

five

28

How many total joint surfaces are present on the vertebral body of a typical cervical?

ten

29

What synovial joint surfaces are present on the vertebral body of a typical cervical?

right and left uncinate process, right and left lateral groove

30

What is the name given to the uncinate process-lateral groove articulation?

joint of Luschka or uncovertebral joint