Unit 2 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 2 Vocab Deck (49):
1

The amount of farmers divided by the amount of arable land in a region.

Agricultural Density

2

A period where technology and other parts of agriculture advance.

Agricultural Revolution

3

total number of people divided by the total land area.

Arithmetic Density

4

A periodic and official count of a country's population

Census

5

Amounts of births per 1000 people a year

Crude Birth Rate

6

Amount of deaths per 1000 people a year

Crude death rate

7

A multistage model of changes in population exhibited by countries undergoing industrialization.

Demographic Transition

8

scientific study of population characteristics.

Demography

9

The number of people under the age of 15 and over age 64 (non-working), compared to the number of people active in the labor force.

Dependency Ratio

10

The amount of time it takes for a population to double

Doubling Time

11

Inhabited Earth

Ecumene

12

causes of death in each stage of the demographic transition

Epidemiologic transition

13

branch of medical science concerned with the incidence, distribution, and control of diseases that affect large numbers of people.

Epidemiology

14

Improvements of of industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods

Industrial Revolution

15

number of babies that die within the first year of their lives in a given population.

Infant mortality rate

16

average number of years a person can be expected to live.

Life expectancy

17

Medical technology invented in Europe and North America that is diffused to the poorer countries of Latin America, Asia, and Africa. It enabled people to live longer

Medical Revolution

18

population growth based on the difference of births and deaths. (Births-Deaths=x)

Natural Increase Rate

19

something (a disease) spread out over the world

Pandemic

20

overload of individuals in one area

Overpopulation

21

number of people per unit of area of arable land

Physiological Density

22

graphic representation of a country's population, broken into age groups and divided into males and females.

Population Pyramid

23

ratio of males to females in a poplulation

Sex Ratio

24

average number of children born to a woman during her lifetime

Total fertility rate

25

A decline of the total fertility rate to the point where the natural increase rate equals zero.

Zero population growth

26

large-scale emigration of talented people

Brain Drain

27

migration of people to a specific location because relatives or members of the same nationality previously migrated there.

Chain Migration

28

short-term, repetitive or cyclical movements that RECUR on a regular basis

Circulation

29

net migration from urban to rural areas in mdcs

Couterurbanization

30

migration from an area

Emigration

31

the area subject to flooding during a given number of years according to historical trends

Floodplain

32

permanent migration compelled usually by cultural factors

Forced Migration

33

workers who migrate to the mdcs of north and west Europe usually from south and east Europe or from north america in search of higher paying jobs

Guest Workers

34

Migration to a new location

Immigration

35

permanent movement WITHIN a COUNTRY

Internal Migration

36

permanent movement FROM one country to ANOTHER

International Migration

37

Permanent movement from one REGION of a country to another REGION

Interregional Migration

38

environmental or cultural feature of the landscape that hinders migration.

Intervening Obstacle

39

permanent movement WITHIN ONE REGION of a country

Intraregional Migration

40

form of relocation diffusion involving permanent move to a new location

Migration

41

Change in the migration pattern in a society that results from industrialization, population growth, and other social and economic changes that also produce the demographic transition

Migration transition

42

all types of movement from one place to another

Mobility

43

The difference between the level of immigration and the level of emigration.

Net migration

44

induce people to move to a new location

Pull Factor

45

induce people to leave old tendancies

Push Factor

46

a law that places maximum limits on the number of people who can immigrate to a country each year (US Quotas)

Quotas

47

people who are forced to migrate from their country and can't return for fear of persecution

Refugees

48

People who enter a country without proper documents.

Undocumented Immigrants

49

Permanent movement undertaken by CHOICE.

Voluntary migration