Flashcards in Unit 3 Deck (31):
Which of the following is an example of a continuous schedule of reinforcement?
Which of the following best defines a ratio schedule of reinforcement?
Reinforcement is provided following a pre-specified number of responses
Which of the following best defines an interval schedule of reinforcement?
Reinforcement is provided for the first response that follows some amount of time
Which of the following best defines a response independent schedule of reinforcement?
Deliver stimuli known in other contexts to be reinforcers solely on the basis of time, independent of responding
Which of the following best defines differential reinforcement of low-rate behavior (DRL)?
t s without response, then 1 response
Which of the following best defines differential reinforcement of other behavior DRO?
T s without a response
Which of the following best defines a skill deficit?
Task materials and relevant instructions do not occasion predetermined level of performance in absence of prompts
Which of the following best defines a performance deficit?
The skill is intact, but the person is unmotivated to respond under appropriate stimulus conditions
Which of the following patterns of responding following supplemental reinforcement for correct responding suggest a performance deficit?
Responding very rapidly increases
Which of the following best defines a shaping?
Some property of responding is gradually changed by differentially reinforcing successive approximations to target behavior
In shaping, infrequent reinforcer delivery can result in which of the following?
Decrease or extinguish responding
In a lag 5 reinforcement schedule, the current response is reinforced if:
It differs from the last 5 preceding responses along the specified dimension responses along the specified dimension
In what order are prompts provided in least-to-most prompting?
Verbal, gestural, physical guidance
Reinforcing only unprompted correct responses may lead to which of the following?
What is the ultimate goal of prompting?
Promote independent responding
Under what conditions is independent responding likely to be more rapidly acquired or increase more reliably?
Reinforce unprompted responses only
Which of the following best describes a possible intrinsic reward?
The music that comes from playing an instrument
According to the over justification hypothesis, reinforcement contingencies (___ rewards) lead to decrements in enjoyment )___ rewards) and thus result in decrease in engagement
All of the following may account for what appears to be lessened intrinsic motivation,
Satiation, contrast effects, learned helplessness
Under what conditions do overjustification effects appear to be more pronounced
When behavior already occurs at a high level
Which of the following reinforcer assessments may mask differences in relative reinforcer efficacy?
Which of the following is the dependent variable used for concurrent-schedule reinforcer assessments?
relative response allocation across available alternatives
Which of the following is the dependent variable used for progressive ratio reinforcer assessments?
Last completed schedule requirement
According to the Law of Demand, all else being equal... as unit price ___ demand (consumption) ____ and vice versa.
Which of the following type of preference assessment is generally least effortful?
According to Graff and Karsten (2012) which preference assessment method was most commonly used across all respondents?
According to Cte et al. (2007), which of the following best describes the outcomes of the comparisons of teacher and SPA ranking?
Negative correlation in most cases (5/9)
Which of the following best descries how stimuli are presented in the multiple stimulus preference assessments?
Present all items in the array simulataneously
Selected items are not returned to the array in which type of preference assessment method?
Multiple stimulus without replacement
Which of the following preference assessment methods may be most prone to false positives?