Unit 3 Flashcards Preview

BEHP 5012 > Unit 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 3 Deck (38)
Loading flashcards...
1

A characteristic of a phenomenon that exists independent of its measurement

Fundamental property

2

Temporal locus
Temporal extent
Repeatability

Fundamental properties of behavior

3

A quantifiable (measurable) aspect of a fundamental property

Dimensional Quantity

4

Latency, Duration, Countability, IRT, Rate, Celeration

Dimensional quantities of behavior

5

The quantitative results of deliberate, planned, and usually controlled observation

Data

6

Singular form of the term ‘data’

Datum

7

Objective
Clear
Complete

Characteristics of a good response definition

8

Continuous (direct) response measures

Directly measure a dimensional quantity of behavior

9

Do not measure behavior directly; most measure a dimensionless quantity (usually percent)

Discontinuous (indirect) response measures

10

Event
Latency
Duration
IRT

Dimensional quantities of continuous response measures

11

Record time observation began
Count the responses
Record time observation ended
Divide: Count/unit of time
Report as rate per unit of time

Event recording (frequency recording)

12

Record time observation began
Record each antecedent
Record each response
Record time observation ended
Report as (Responses/Antecedents)/unit of time

Event recording of restricted operants

13

Duration per session
Duration per occurrence

2 Types of Duration recording

14

Total amount of time an individual engages
in an activity

Duration per session

15

Amount of time a target behavior occupies

Duration per occurrence

16

Specify when to start recording (at the onset or the offset of the stimulus).
Specify when to stop recording (at the beginning or end of the response cycle).

Latency Recording

17

Start timing at the END of the response cycle.
Stop timing at the BEGINNING of the next response cycle.

Inter-response time (IRT) recording

18

Use when responses are distributed
across the observation period, there are
no significant outliers and you know the
rate.
Formula: Recording interval/count

Estimating mean IRT’s

19

Percent occurrence
Trials to criterion
Discrete categorization
Partial interval recording
Whole interval recording
Momentary time sampling
PLACHECK

Dimensionless quantities of discontinuous
response measures

20

Similar to event recording of a restricted or discriminated operant which has been converted into a percent

Percent occurrence

21

A special case of percent occurrence

Percent correct

22

The number of consecutive opportunities
to respond required to achieve a
performance standard.
Record each opportunity to respond until
the performance standard is met.

Trials to criterion

23

1. Determine what one trial will be
2. Decide how to report (number of trials
or number of block trials)
3. Record count as the measure
4. Present data

Trials to criterion steps

24

A method for classifying responses into
discrete categories

Discrete categorization (coding)

25

A discontinuous response measure.
A recording session is broken into short
intervals of time; occurrence is recorded if
a response happens during any part of
the interval

Partial interval recording

26

A discontinuous response measure.
A recording session is broken into short
intervals of time; occurrence is recorded if
the behavior occurs for the whole interval

Whole interval recording

27

A discontinuous response measure.
A response is recorded as occurring only
if it occurs at the point in time in which an
interval ends.

Momentary time sampling

28

A group of individuals is observed at the end of an interval
Count how many of individuals are engaging in the target behavior(s)
Compare with the total number of individuals
Percent of individuals engaging in behavior(s)

PLACHECK

29

The dimensional quantity of interest.
The estimated rate of the behavior.
Whether to measure responses or
episodes.
Data collection: who, when, where, how
long and how often

Factors to consider when selecting a
response measure

30

Measuring the results (or products) of behavior

Permanent products