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How many MSPS are there in Scotland?



What is the main function of the Scottish Parliament?

The main function of the Scottish Parliament is to make laws, which affect the Scottish people.


What is devolution?

Devolution is a system of government which allows decisions to be made at a more local level. In the UK there are several examples of devolved government including: the Scottish Parliament, the Welsh assembly, the Northern Ireland assembly and the greater London authority.


What are devolved matters?

Things that are decided at the Scottish Parliament and don't need consent from the uk Parliament.


What is a reserved matter?

Only the United Kingdom Parliament can pass laws on reserved matters.


Examples of devolved powers?

Health, education, housing, sports and arts, agriculture, forestry and fishing, emergency services, planning, social work, heritage, some transport and tourism.


What are examples of reserved powers?

Defence, UK foreign policy, social security, financial and economic matters, employment, constitutional matters, immigration and nationality, monetary system, common markets, some transport, data protection, energy, gambling, medical ethics and equal opportunities.


What is the Scottish Parliament?

The Scottish Parliament is this devolved national, legislature of Scotland. Located in the Holyrood area of the capital city, Edinburgh.


Examples to put with devolved matters in exam?

heath- alcohol minimum pricing 2012
education- post 16 and education bill 2013
social work- adoption of a child act 2007


Examples to pit for resolved matters in exam?

equal opportunities- equality Tact 2008
employment- increase statutory pay rates
data protection- data protection act 1998


What is question time?

Is the main chance for MSPs to question and hold to account the actions of the Scottish government. This is where MSPs can ask questions and raise issues on behalf of their constituents.
First ministers question time takes place every Thursday between 12 and 12.30pm. The main leaders and MSPs are able to question the leader.
Question time to Scottish ministers takes place on a Thursday afternoon and takes around 60 minutes. This allows MSPs to ask relevant questions.


What is a Members' bill?

According to the Scottish parliaments rules, each MSP has the right to put forward two Members' bills during one parliamentary period ( 4 years ) These bills may be as a result of their constituents contacting them and the MSPs have decide to put it forward as a bill. Many members' bills are unsuccessful. One example of an excepted bill comes from February 2004, Stewart Maxwell, Ban tobacco smoking in public places.


What happens at the debates?

MSPs can contribute during a debate. Particularly if it is in direct concern of their constituent. Debates are useful as problems can be solved and new laws can be debated. While things are being discussed media may get involved and let the rest of the country know what is going on.


What happens when MSPs get to vote?

At the end of each business day in the chamber, MSPs need to vote. This is called decision time. And as a result of this vote a decision can be made whether or not a bill needs to be passed on to the next stage of the legislative process. MSPs must consider the views of their constituents and political parties before voting. In the Scottish Parliament they vote by electronic key pads.


Stages of a bill?

First stage- The most appropriate committee will scutinise the bill ( health committee scrutinise the alcohol law) and take evidence. It will then produce a report of whether the committee agrees with it or not. The whole parliament will then consider the report and decide whether the bill should pass onto the next stage.

Second stage- If the bill makes it to the second stage it is then scrutinised by other committees and sometimes other MSPs. Usually amendments will be made at this stage and changes will be made to the final legislation.

Third stage- Finally, the bill goes back to the chamber and all the MSPs consider the amended bill. Again, amendments can be made at this point. After any amendments a vote will take place whether you are for or against the bill. It will then be srutinised by law officers to ensure that it falls within the devolved remit of the Scottish Parliament.


What are the two way in which MSPs work on behalf of their constituents?

1. The work they do in the Scottish Parliament
2. The work they do for their constituents


What are committees?

Committees are small, cross-party groups of MSPs who meet on a regular basis to scrutinise the work of the Scottish Government, conduct inquires into subjects within their remit and examine legislation. They're many committees in parliament, e.g. The economy energy and tourism committee.


What do committee have the power to do?

Introduce new bills (draft laws), which are specific to the committee. These are known as committee bills.
When amendments (changes) are being made to the bill they are sent to specific committees for the chance to be scrutinised.
Committees have the power to contact people form outside groups such as Trade unions and witnesses to support evidence on an enquiry that has been given to them by a local constituent. They focus on trying to fix the situation as fast as possible.


What do MSPs do during the day?

Replying to things such as letters, emails, and phone calls they have received. Constituents have the right to contact their MSPs during the day and for the MSP to reply.
Hold surgeries, where constituents can go and meet their MSP one-on-one about any problems they may be facing.
Attend local meetings, to find out things about local concerns of their local constituencies.
Organise fact-finding visits. When a constituent races a concern the MSP usually goes out of their way to look at the situation first hand for evidence when putting forward the bill.
Work with the media to highlight an issue brought to them by a constituent.


What do MSPs do Monday 9AM?

Reply to emails, phone calls and letters from constituents.


What do MSPs do Monday 11AM?

Meet with constituents regarding an issue, this is a meeting called a case work.


What day of the week do MSPs debate?

Wednesdays and Thursdays


What day of the week does MSPs do question time?



When do committees usually meet?

Usually Tuesday and Wednesday morning


How many local councils in Scotland?



What is the largest council in Scotland?

Glasgow city council, with 600,000 people


What is the smallest council in Scotland?

Orkney, 20,000


How are councilors elected?

By local residents of areas they represent, these areas are called 'wards'


How many elected councilors are their in Scotland?



How many wards and councilors are there n Glasgow city council

21 wards and 79 councilors