Unit 3: Federalism: States in the Union Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 3: Federalism: States in the Union Deck (25):
1

The right of reserved powers

10th Amendment

2

Grants issued by the government where spending can be done with narrowly defined purposes

Categorical Grants

3

A regulation that requires the government to perform a certain task with no money

Unfunded mandates

4

A grant of power to Congress, not an express limitation on the power of the states to regulate the economy.

Commerce Clause

5

powers of U.S. government which have not been explicitly granted by the Constitution but that is implied by the necessary and proper clause

Implied Powers

6

a political power reserved by a constitution to the exclusive jurisdiction of a specified political authority.

Reserved Powers

7

praised the “good sense and practical judgment” of the American people

Alexis de Tocqueville

8

The process of returning more of the responsibilities of governing from the national level to the state level

Devolution

9

to the United States Constitution allows the Congress to levy an income tax without apportioning it among the states or basing it on the United States Census.

16th Amendment

10

A grant from the government that can allocate to a variety of services

Block Grants

11

The Court can strike down state law if contrary to the national constitution or national law

McCulloch v. Maryland

12

The separated layers of the cake symbolizing how distinct spheres of power that the state and federal governments inhabited

Layer Cake

13

A state government's authority to regulate for the health, safety and welfare of its citizens

Police Power

14

The principal power within each state lies with the state government

Unitary

15

Any amount of money given to anything or anyone.

Grants-in-Aid

16

A process of voting, typically in secrecy

Ballot

17

19th century philosopher that made an analysis of American federalist

James Bryce

18

We discussed three (3) centralizing forces in American history. Name one (1).

war
justice
money

19

In 1937 the Supreme Court laid the groundwork for a stronger federal government by issuing a number of decisions that...

dramatically expanded the definition of the Commerce Clause

20

(T/F) Federalism is about relationships among different levels of government.

True

21

The number of electoral votes for each state is equal to the number of _________.

its members in the House and Senate combined

22

(T/F) Among the powers reserved for the states is the responsibility for preventing and prosecuting criminal activities.

(True)

23

The states play a crucial role in all of the following activities except _________.

regulating interstate commerce

24

When local law enforcement authorities call on the FBI to help them solve a crime, the kind of federalism illustrated is ___________.

marble cake federalism

25

The Supreme Court case of________________ v. ________________ interpreted the “necessary and proper” clause as allowing expansive power to the national government.

Marbury v. Madison